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A critical review of mechanisms involved in the adsorption of organic and inorganic contaminants through biochar

  • Zohaib Abbas
  • Shafaqat Ali
  • Muhammad Rizwan
  • Ihsan Elahi Zaheer
  • Afifa Malik
  • Muhammad Ahsan Riaz
  • Muhammad Rizwan Shahid
  • Muhammad Zia ur Rehman
  • Mohammad I. Al-Wabel
S. I. BIOCHAR
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Implications of Biochar Application to Soil Environment under Arid Conditions

Abstract

Successful application of low-cost adsorbent like biochar has introduced multidisciplinary areas of science, particularly with respect to remediation of both organic and inorganic contaminants in soil and water. This review briefly consolidates the currently available literature to comprehend the overall adsorption mechanisms of organic and inorganic contaminants through biochar. Generally, biochar produced at low pyrolysis temperature is suitable for the adsorption of inorganic contaminants by following the adsorption mechanisms of electrostatic interaction, precipitation, and ion exchange. However, relatively high pyrolysis temperature favors the adsorption of organic contaminants by increasing the surface area and micropores of biochar along with pore filling and hydrophobic and electrostatic interaction as predominant adsorption mechanisms. This review also summarizes the critical factors (pyrolysis temperature, solution pH, dosage of biochar, contact time, co-existed ions, modification/activation, aging process, etc) affecting the overall adsorption efficiency of the biochar. Overall, further field studies and experimentation are required for the reduction of cost in biochar production and its reuse.

Keywords

Biochar Organic contaminants Inorganic contaminants Removal mechanisms 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors want to say thanks to the Higher Education Commission (HEC) of Pakistan.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Zohaib Abbas
    • 1
  • Shafaqat Ali
    • 2
  • Muhammad Rizwan
    • 2
  • Ihsan Elahi Zaheer
    • 2
  • Afifa Malik
    • 3
  • Muhammad Ahsan Riaz
    • 2
  • Muhammad Rizwan Shahid
    • 4
  • Muhammad Zia ur Rehman
    • 4
  • Mohammad I. Al-Wabel
    • 5
  1. 1.Department of Environmental SciencesUniversity of Veterinary and Animal SciencesLahorePakistan
  2. 2.Department of Environmental Sciences and EngineeringGovernment College UniversityFaisalabadPakistan
  3. 3.Sustainable Development Study CenterGovernment College UniversityLahorePakistan
  4. 4.Institute of Soil & Environmental SciencesUniversity of AgricultureFaisalabadPakistan
  5. 5.Soil Sciences Department, College of Food and Agricultural SciencesKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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