Production and characterization of ceramic materials in three-dimensional printer

  • Hatice EvlenEmail author
  • Aydın Çalışkan
  • Nermin Demirkol
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geo-Resources-Earth-Environmental Sciences


Along with the developing technology, ceramic printers that can produce with ceramic materials as well as plastic materials started to enter our lives in 3D printers. In this study, 3D Cartesian type ceramic printer designed and prototype were performed. To investigate the effect of filling ratio and sintering temperature on the characteristic properties of ceramic samples, five different filling ratios [10%, 20%, 30%, 40%, and 50%] were used. White clay material used for sample producing with 3D ceramic printer. As a result of these prints, the samples were sintered at 900 °C, 950 °C, and 1000 °C. Subsequently, compression strength, water absorption, density tests and SEM, XRD, EDX analysis were carried out in order to determine the characteristic properties of the samples. The results of the tests were compared with graphs. As a result, compression strength and density increased with the increasing sintering temperature and filling ratio, and porosity decreased as seen in SEM analysis. It was seen in XRD and EDX analysis that the Al2SiO5 peaks intensity increased with increasing sintering temperature.


3D printer Water absorption Cartesian Ceramic Clay Characterization 



This work was supported by Karabuk University Scientific Research Projects (BAP) department with the project titled “3D CERAMIC PRINTER DESIGN AND CERAMIC MATERIAL MANUFACTURING WITH PROTOTYPE AND INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECT OF PRINTING PARAMETERS ON THE CERAMIC MATERIAL” with Project number KBU-BAP 15/02 YL-039. We thank the Karabuk University BAP unit for their support.


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hatice Evlen
    • 1
    Email author
  • Aydın Çalışkan
    • 1
  • Nermin Demirkol
    • 2
  1. 1.Industrial Design Engineering DepartmentKarabuk UniversityKarabukTurkey
  2. 2.Ceramic, Glass & Tile Dept., Vocational School of Degirmendere Ali OzbayKocaeli UniversityKocaeliTurkey

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