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Adsorption of nickel(II) and chromium(III) from aqueous phases on raw smectite: kinetic and thermodynamic studies

  • Sana Ghrab
  • Samir Mefteh
  • Mounir Medhioub
  • Mourad Benzina
ICIEM 2016
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Water Resource Management for Sustainable Development

Abstract

The ability of Tunisian smectite, collected from Aleg Formation (Jebel Romena), in the adsorption of nickel (Ni(II) and chromium (Cr(III)) cations from aqueous solutions has been studied through a bath adsorption mechanism with respect to different optimal parameters including the amount of adsorption, pH, and contact time. The characterization of a smectite sample was performed using XRD, XRF, FT-IR, SEM, BET-specific surface area techniques, thermo-gravimetric analyses, and CEC. The process of adsorption kinetics was examined using the pseudo-first-order, the pseudo-second-order, and the intraparticle diffusion models. The results revealed that the adsorption of Ni(II) and Cr(III) cations was according to the pseudo-second-order model. The changes of the thermodynamic parameters such us the Gibbs free energy (ΔG), the enthalpy (ΔH), and entropy (ΔS) attested, spontaneous and endothermic between 10 and 40 °C.

Keywords

Smectite Nickel Chromium Kinetic Thermodynamic 

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sana Ghrab
    • 1
  • Samir Mefteh
    • 2
    • 3
  • Mounir Medhioub
    • 2
  • Mourad Benzina
    • 1
  1. 1.University of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  2. 2.Faculty of Science, Department of GeologyUniversity of SfaxSfaxTunisia
  3. 3.Laboratory of Valorization of Useful MaterialCNRSMSolimanTunisia

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