Characterization of shale matrix pore structure via experiment and model
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Shale gas reservoirs develop multi-scale pores ranging in size from nanometer to micrometer, the characteristics of gas transport involve the multi-scale pore space which divided into organic and inorganic matrix pores. This paper reveals the shale pore structure with large amounts of organic mesoporous based on the techniques of focused ion beam scanning electron microscopes (FIB-SEM), high-pressure mercury intrusion (MICP), and low-pressure adsorption (LPA), which also shows the size and distribution of these pores. Then the research characterizes effective pore scale via circular tube bundle model with due regard for gas adsorption layer thickness on the walls of organic pores and water film thickness on the walls of inorganic pores, and the investigation of shale pore geometry is significant for designing and developing shale gas reservoirs. This work shows that the widely existing shale mesoporous volume with diameter of 2~50 nm accounts for 81% based on experimental testing, then it reduces to about 76% via effective diameter model calculation.
KeywordsShale gas Multi-scale pore Adsorption layer Water film Circular tube bundle
The authors wish to acknowledge anonymous reviewers for constructive comments and suggestions for improving this paper. The authors also wish to thank the anonymous Associate Editor for his handling of the paper and additional suggestions.
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (grant number 51374044).
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