Advertisement

Condensate gas blockage simulation in a gas reservoir: a case study of a gas field in the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia

  • Abdul Haris
  • Ari Taufiq Kamadibrata
  • Agus Riyanto
Original Paper
  • 60 Downloads

Abstract

The effects of condensate gas blockage in the gas reservoir in the Mahakam Delta, East Kalimantan, Indonesia, are successfully simulated. Condensate blockage arises during gas production due to decreasing reservoir pressure. Gas production causes the isothermal pressure of the reservoir to fall, producing condensate accumulation in front of the wellbore and causing a decrease in the permeability and productivity of the well. The key parameters that control condensate gas blockage are pressure, permeability, and the relationship between pressure, volume, and temperature (PVT). This paper presents a simulation of condensate gas blockage in the Mahakam Delta gas field, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. Condensate gas blockage was simulated for two production wells that are controlled by the physical properties of the rock, such as its acoustic, elastic impedance, and permeability. The simulation results showed that the reservoir pressure decreases gradually, starting with decreasing pressure in the well. Condensate gas was formed when the pressure reached 3100 psig and was observed throughout the reservoir depending on the pressure and permeability distribution; condensate gas blockage readily occurs in a reservoir with low permeability. This paper proposes two drilling program scenarios that involve well stimulation and horizontal well drilling to overcome the condensate gas blockage. Well stimulation was applied in order to increase the permeability around the wellbore using fracturing, while horizontal well drilling aimed to increase the permeability and to enhance the coverage of the reservoir layer. Simulation of these two scenarios showed that horizontal well drilling provides a higher gas recovery factor than well stimulation.

Keywords

Condensate Reservoir pressure Mahakam delta East Kalimantan 

References

  1. Afidick D, Kaczorowski NJ, Bette S (1984) Production performance of a retrograde gas reservoir: a case study of the Arun-field. In Proceedings of the SPE Asia Pacific Oil & Gas Conference, Melbourne, Australia, November 7–10, pp SPE 28749Google Scholar
  2. Ahmed T, Evans J, Kwan R, Vivian T (1998) Wellbore liquid blockage in gas-condensate reservoirs. In SPE eastern regional meeting, Pittsburgh, USA, November, SPE -51050-MS, pp 119–129Google Scholar
  3. Akuanbantin H, Ardiputra D (1976) Geology of east Benakat oil field. S. Sumatra. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 5th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp. 59–68Google Scholar
  4. Al-Anazi HA, Solares JR, Al-Faifi M (2005) The impact of condensate blockage and completion fluids on gas productivity in gas-condensate reservoirs. In SPE Asia Pacific Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Jakarta, Indonesia, SPE-93210-MSGoogle Scholar
  5. Al-Attar H, Sulaiman A (2009) A general approach for deliverability calculations of gas wells. J Pet Sci Eng 67(3):97–104.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.petrol.2009.05.003 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Allen GP, Chambers JLC (1998) Sedimentation. In The Modern and Miocene Mahakam Delta. Indonesian Petroleum Association: Jakarta, pp. 1–233Google Scholar
  7. Ariadinata TT, Siregar S, Dyas Y (1995) Gas condensate compositional reservoir simulation by reducing the number of components into pseudo components. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 24th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 95–2.1-038, pp 103–111Google Scholar
  8. Attra HD, Wise WB, Black WM (1961) Application of optimizing techniques for studying field producing operations. JPT 13(01):82–86.  https://doi.org/10.2118/1338-G-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Bradshaw M, Edwards D, Bradshaw J, Foster C, Loutit T, McCocachie B, Moore A, Murray A, Summons R (1997) Australian and Eastern Indonesian petroleum systems. In Proceedings of the Petroleum Systems of SE Asia and Australia Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA97 – OR – 11, pp 142–153Google Scholar
  10. Brooks DM, Goody AK, O’Reily JB, McCarty KL (1996) Discovery and petroleum geology of the Bayu-Undan gas-condensate field: Timor Gap Zone of Cooperation, Area A. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 25th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA96-1.0-223, pp 131–145Google Scholar
  11. Casarta LJ, Salo JP, Tisnawidjaja S, SampurnoST (2004) Wiriagar Deep: the frontier discovery that triggered Tangguh LNG. In Proceedings of Deepwater and Frontier Exploration in Asia & Australia Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, DFE044-OR-016Google Scholar
  12. Charlton TR (2001) The petroleum potential of West Timor. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 28th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA01-G-068, Vol. 1, pp 301–317Google Scholar
  13. Connan J, Cassou AM, Van Der Weide B (1978) Kerogen maturity and gas / oil properties in shale sandstone sequences. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 7th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 179–224Google Scholar
  14. Daud M, Budiman M, Cannan WL (1990) Alternative well testing. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 19th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 90-190, pp 487–498Google Scholar
  15. Dzou LIP, Hughes WB (1993) Geochemistry of oils and condensates, K Field, offshore Taiwan: a case study in migration fractionation. Org Geochem 20(4):437–462.  https://doi.org/10.1016/0146-6380(93)90092-P CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Eilerts CK (1957) Phase relations of gas-condensate fluids, test results, apparatus, techniques, vol 1. American Gas Association, New YorkGoogle Scholar
  17. Fan L, Harris BW, Jamaluddin A, Kamath J, Mott R, Pope GA, Shandrygin A, Whitson CH (2005) Understanding gas-condensate reservoirs. Oilfield Rev 17(4):14–27Google Scholar
  18. Fevang Ø (1995) Gas condensate flow behavior and sampling. Ph. D thesis of petroleum engineering and applied geophysics, University of TrondheimGoogle Scholar
  19. Fevang Ø, Whitson CH (1996) Modeling gas-condensate well deliverability. SPE Reserv Eng 11(04):221–230.  https://doi.org/10.2118/30714-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Gautama A, Grivot P, Gunawan S, Larrouquet F (2003) Horizontal wells as a solution to produce gas bearing low permeability sands in the G zone reservoirs of the Tambora gas field, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 29th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, October, IPA03-E-050Google Scholar
  21. Graves RR, Weegar AA (1973) Geology of the Arun gas field (North Sumatra). In Proceedings Indonesian Petrleum Association 2nd Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 23–51Google Scholar
  22. Gringarten AC, Al-Lamki A, Daungkaew S, Mott R, Whittle TM (2000) Well test analysis in gas-condensate reservoirs. Proceedings of the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas USA, Society of Petroleum Engineers, pp SPE62920 1–9.  https://doi.org/10.2118/62920-MS.
  23. Gwinn JW, Helmig HM, Kartaadipoetra LW (1974) Geology of the Badak field East Kalimantan, Indonesia. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 3rd Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 311–331Google Scholar
  24. Haris A, Imam C, Berger NB, Riyanto A (2017a) Coal bed methane properties modeling using improved seismic resolution for estimating gas reserves: a case study of East Kalimantan field, Indonesia. International Journal of Geomate 13(40):81–87Google Scholar
  25. Haris A, Nenggala Y, Suparno S, Raguwanti R, Riyanto A (2017b) Characterization of low contrast shale-sand reservoir using Poisson impedance inversion: case study of Gumai formation, Jambas field Jambi Sub-basin. In AIP Conference Proceedings (Vol. 1862, No. 1, p. 030188). AIP PublishingGoogle Scholar
  26. Hasanusi D, Abimanyu R, Artono E, Baasir A (2004) Prominent Senoro gas field discovery in Central Sulawesi. In Proceedings of Deepwater and Frontier Exploration in Asia & Australia Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, DFE04-OR-007Google Scholar
  27. Heriana N (1999) Gas habitat in the southern part of the North Sumatra Basin. In Proceedings of an International Conference on Gas Habitats of SE Asia and Australasia, Jakarta, Indonesia, GH98-OR-031, pp 135–144Google Scholar
  28. Howes JVC (1997) Petroleum resources and petroleum systems of Se Asia, Australia, Papua New Guinea, and New Zealand. In Proceedings of the Petroleum Systems of SE Asia and Australia Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA97 – OR – 13, pp 81–100Google Scholar
  29. Jardine, E (1997) Dual petroleum systems governing the prolific Pattani Basin, offshore Thailand. In Proceedings of the Petroleum Systems of SE Asia and Australia Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA97 – OR – 45 pp 351–363Google Scholar
  30. Jason R, McMurtrie G, Keall J (2004) Hydrocarbon potential of the outer Browse Basin, NW Australia. In Proceedings of Deepwater and Frontier Exploration in Asia & Australia Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, DFE04-OR-057Google Scholar
  31. Jatmiko W (1998) A new pressure transient testing method for gas condensate wells. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 26th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 98-2-016, pp 33–47Google Scholar
  32. Kamath J (2007) Deliverability of gas-condensate reservoirs—field experiences and prediction techniques. JPT 59(04):94–99.  https://doi.org/10.2118/103433-JPT CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kingstone J (1978) Oil and gas generation, migration and accumulation North Sumatra Basin. In proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 7th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 75–104Google Scholar
  34. Kjellgren GM, Sugiharto H (1989) Oil geochemistry: a clue to the hydrocarbon history and prospectivity of the southeastern North Sumatra Basin, Indonesia. In Proceedings Indonesian Petrleum Association 18th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 89-13-02, pp 363–384Google Scholar
  35. Klimentos T (1995) Attenuation of P-and S-waves as a method of distinguishing gas and condensate from oil and water. Geophysics 60(2):447–458.  https://doi.org/10.1190/1.1443782 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Li K, Firoozabadi A (2000) Phenomenological modeling of critical condensate saturation and relative permeabilities in gas/condensate systems. SPE J 5(02):138–147.  https://doi.org/10.2118/56014-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Liang B, Balasubramanian S, Wang B, Jensen C, Yang A, Kennedy D (2010) PVT characterization and compositional modelling of gas condensate and volatile oil reservoirs. Int J Oil Gas Coal T 4(1):79–102.  https://doi.org/10.1504/IJOGCT.2011.037746 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Malachowski, M.A.; Yanosik, J.L.; Saldana, M.A.; Batten, A.H. (1995) Simulation of well productivity losses due to near well condensate accumulation in field scale simulations. In SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, USA, SPE 30715, pp 119–126Google Scholar
  39. McClay K, Dooley T, Ferguson A, Poblet J (2000) Tectonic evolution of the Sanga Sanga Block, Mahakam Delta, Kalimantan, Indonesia. AAPG Bull 84(6):765–786Google Scholar
  40. Miller N, Nasrabadi H, Zhu D (2010) On application of horizontal wells to reduce condensate blockage in gas condensate reservoirs. In International Oil and Gas Conference and Exhibition, Beijing, China, SPE 130996, pp 1–15Google Scholar
  41. Mott R (2003) Engineering calculation of gas-condensate-well productivity. SPE Reserv Eval Eng 6(5):298–306.  https://doi.org/10.2118/86298-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mott RE, Cable AS, Spearing MC (2000) Measurements of relative permeabilities for calculating gas-condensate well deliverability. SPE Reserv Eval Eng 3(6):473–479.  https://doi.org/10.2118/68050-PA CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nagura H, Suzuki I, Teramoto T, Hayashi Y, Yoshida T, Bandjarnahor HMP, Kihara K, Swiecicki T, Bird R (2003) The Abadi gas field. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 29th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA03-G-141Google Scholar
  44. Perkins TW, Livsey AR (1993) Geology of the Jurassic gas discoveries in Bintuni Bay, western Irian Jaya. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 22nd Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA93-1.1-023, pp 793–830Google Scholar
  45. Raghavan R, Jones JR (1996) Depletion performance of gas-condensate reservoirs. J Petrol Tech 48(08):725–731.  https://doi.org/10.2118/36352-JPT CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Rousennac B (2001) Gas condensate well test analysis, Master of Science Thesis Department of Petroleum Engineering, Stanford UniversityGoogle Scholar
  47. Saller A, Lin R, Dunham J (2006) Leaves in turbidite sands: the main source of oil and gas in the deep-water Kutei Basin, Indonesia. AAPG Bull 90(10):1585–1608.  https://doi.org/10.1306/04110605127 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sheriff RE, Taner MT, Koehler F, Frye D (1977) Extraction and interpretation of the complex seismic trace. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 6th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 305–316Google Scholar
  49. Siregar S, Hagoort J, Ronde H (1991) Nitrogen injection: an alternative to gas cycling in gas condensate reservoirs? In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 20th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 91–21.26, pp 89–103Google Scholar
  50. Sudibjo R, Hadiatno D, Soemarso C (1982) Gas condensate reservoir simulation, E-XY reservoir, Badak field. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 11th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, pp 31–47Google Scholar
  51. Sunaryo AC, Mulia A, Sulitra MD (1992) Horizontal wells in management of the Arun reservoir. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 21st Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 92-23.33, pp 467–485Google Scholar
  52. Sweet ML, Blewden CJ, Carter AM, Mills CA (1996) Modeling heterogeneity in a low-permeability gas reservoir using geostatistical techniques, Hyde Field, southern North Sea. Am Assoc Pet Geol Bull 80(11):1719–1734Google Scholar
  53. Syahrial E, Daltaban TS (1998) Development of a novel compositional simulation approach to model recovery from volatile oil reservoirs. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 26th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 98-2-013, pp 247–268Google Scholar
  54. Van De Weerd A, Armin RA, Mahadi S, Ware PLB (1987) Geologic setting of the Kerendan gas and condensate discovery, Tertiary sedimentation and paleogeography of the northwestern part of the Kutei Basin, Kalimantan, Indonesia. In Proceedings Indonesian Petroleum Association 16th Annual Convention, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA 87–11/07, pp 317–338Google Scholar
  55. Waslker TR, Kantsler AJ (2004) Deepwater and frontier exploration in Australia—a historical perspective and a view to the future. In Proceedings of Deepwater and Frontier Exploration in Asia & Australia Symposium, Jakarta, Indonesia, DFE04-KN-039Google Scholar
  56. Watts KJ (1997) Northern Nam Con Son Basin petroleum system, based on exploration data from block 04-2 Vietnam. In Proceedings of the Petroleum Systems of SE Asia and Australia Conference, Jakarta, Indonesia, IPA97 – OR – 53, pp 481–498Google Scholar
  57. Wheaton RJ, Zhang HR (2000) Condensate banking dynamics in gas condensate fields: compositional changes and condensate accumulation around production wells. Proceedings of the SPE Annual Technical Conference and Exhibition, Dallas, Texas USA. Society of Petroleum Engineers, SPE-62930, pp 1–14.  https://doi.org/10.2118/62930-MS.
  58. Yoshino H, Tanaka T, Yamaguchi H (2003) Petroleum geology in Bintuni Basin in East Indonesia—a case study of exploration and evaluation of giant gas fields. Journal of the Japanese Association for Petroleum Technology 68(2–3):200–210.  https://doi.org/10.3720/japt.68.2-3_200 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Zendehboudi S, Ahmadi MA, James L, Chatzis I (2012) Prediction of condensate-to-gas ratio for retrograde gas condensate reservoirs using artificial neural network with particle swarm optimization. Energy Fuel 26(6):3432–3447.  https://doi.org/10.1021/ef300443j CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Geology and Geophysics Study ProgramFMIPA Universitas Indonesia, Kampus UI DepokDepokIndonesia
  2. 2.Reservoir Geophysics Program, Department of PhysicsFMIPA Universitas IndonesiaDepokIndonesia

Personalised recommendations