Advertisement

Assessment of occupational health exposure to particulate matter around opencast coal mines, India: a case study

  • Satya Prakash Sahu
  • Manish Yadav
  • Neha Rani
  • Arka Jyoti Das
Original Paper
  • 49 Downloads

Abstract

Particulate matter concentrations in terms of occupational health, namely inhalable, thoracic, and alveolic, were measured using GRIMM aerosol spectrometer in Basundhara Grajanbahal Area, Sundergarh, India. At mining sites, average inhalable, thoracic, and alveolic particle concentrations were found to be 1.8 to 2, 1.8, and 1.2 to 1.6 times the concentrations at residential sites, respectively. Ratio of thoracic/inhalable, alveolic/inhalable, and alveolic/thoracic varied in the range 73–91%, 42–73%, and 55–80% at residential sites and 69–84%, 37–52%, and 49–63% at mining sites, respectively. From correlation analysis, significant positive correlations among particulate matter concentrations, positive correlation of particulate matter concentrations with relative humidity, and negative correlation with temperature and wind speed were obtained.

Keywords

Inhalable Thoracic Alveolic Opencast mine 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors are thankful to Prof. Aditya Kumar Patra, Associate Professor, Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, for providing necessary help during the research work. The valuable suggestions and comments of the anonymous reviewers are highly appreciated as it contributed to extensive improvement of quality of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

12517_2018_3631_MOESM1_ESM.docx (11.9 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 12217 kb)

References

  1. Aneja VP, Isherwood A, Morgan P (2012) Characterization of particulate matter (PM10) related to surface coal mining operations in Appalachia. Atmos Environ 54:496–501CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Asif Z, Chen Z, Guo J (2018) A study of meteorological effects on PM2.5 concentration in mining area. Atmos Pollut Res.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apr.2018.01.004
  3. Barbieri E, Fontúrbel FE, Herbas C, Barbieri FL, Gardon J (2014) Indoor metallic pollution and children exposure in a mining city. Sci Total Environ 487:13–19CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Ciencewicki J, Jaspers I (2007) Air pollution and respiratory viral infection. Inhal Toxicol 19(14):1135–1146CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Chaulya SK, Ahmad M, Singh RS, Bandopadhyay L, Bondyopadhay C, Mondal GC 2003 Validation of two air quality models for Indian mining conditions. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 82(1):23–43.Google Scholar
  6. Dong C, Taylor MP, Kristensen LJ, Zahran S (2015) Environmental contamination in an Australian mining community and potential influences on early childhood health and behavioural outcomes. Environ Pollut 207:345–356CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Donoghue AM (2004) Occupational health hazards in mining: an overview. Occup Med 54(5):283–289CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Dubey B, Pal AK, Singh G (2012) Trace metal composition of airborne particulate matter in the coal mining and non-mining areas of Dhanbad Region, Jharkhand, India. Atmos Pollut Res 3(2):238–246Google Scholar
  9. Finkelman RB, Orem W, Castranova V, Tatu CA, Belkin HE, Zheng B, Bates AL (2002) Health impacts of coal and coal use: possible solutions. Int J Coal Geol 50(1):425–443CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Fontúrbel FE, Barbieri E, Herbas C, Barbieri FL, Gardon J (2011) Indoor metallic pollution related to mining activity in the Bolivian Altiplano. Environ Pollut 159(10):2870–2875CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Grimm (2010) Operational manual of portable laser aerosol spectrometer and dust monitor (model 1.108/1.109). GRIMM Aerosol Technik GmbH & Co. KG, AinringGoogle Scholar
  12. Hendryx M (2009) Mortality from heart, respiratory, and kidney disease in coal mining areas of Appalachia. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82(2):243–249CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Hendryx M, Ahern MM (2008) Relations between health indicators and residential proximity to coal mining in West Virginia. Am J Public Health 98(4):669–671CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Jaiprakash P, Singh G, Pal AK (2010) Air pollution dispersion modeling performance for mining complex. Environ We Int J Sci Technol 5:205–222Google Scholar
  15. Jena S, Singh G (2017) Human health risk assessment of airborne trace elements in Dhanbad, India. Atmos Pollut Res 8(3):490–502Google Scholar
  16. Kurth LM, McCawley M, Hendryx M, Lusk S (2014) Atmospheric particulate matter size distribution and concentration in West Virginia coal mining and non-mining areas. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 24(4):405–411Google Scholar
  17. Onder M, Yigit E (2009) Assessment of respirable dust exposures in an opencast coal mine. Environ Monit Assess 152(1–4):393–401CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Pless-Mulloli T, Howel D, King A, Stone I, Merefield J, Bessell J, Darnell R (2000) Living near opencast coal mining sites and children’s respiratory health. Occup Environ Med 57(3):145–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Pöschl U (2005) Atmospheric aerosols: composition, transformation, climate and health effects. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 44(46):7520–7540.Google Scholar
  20. Quintana C, Bellefqih S, Laval JY, Guerquin-Kern JL, Wu TD, Avila J, Patino C (2006) Study of the localization of iron, ferritin, and hemosiderin in Alzheimer’s disease hippocampus by analytical microscopy at the subcellular level. J Struct Biol 153(1):42–54CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Rai PK (2015) Multifaceted health impacts of particulate matter (PM) and its management: an overview. Environ Skep Crit 4(1):1Google Scholar
  22. Rojano RE, Manzano CA, Toro R, Morales RG, Restrepo G, Leiva MA (2018) Potential local and regional impacts of particulate matter emitted from one of the world’s largest open-pit coal mines. Air Qual Atmos Health:1–10Google Scholar
  23. Spectrum (2010) Operational manual of Watchdog 2000 series Portable Weather Station. Spectrum Technologies, Inc., USAGoogle Scholar
  24. Srimuruganandam B, Nagendra SMS (2010) Analysis and interpretation of particulate matter—PM10, PM2.5 and PM1 emissions from the heterogeneous traffic near an urban roadway. Atmos Pollut Res 1(3):184–194Google Scholar
  25. Sivaramasundaram K, Muthusubramanian P 2010 A preliminary assessment of PM10 and TSP concentrations in Tuticorin, India. Air Quality, Atmosphere & Health 3(2):95–102.Google Scholar
  26. Taylor DA (2002) Dust in the wind. Environ Health Perspect 110(2):A80–a87CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Tecer LH, Süren P, Alagha O, Karaca F, Tuncel G (2008) Effect of meteorological parameters on fine and coarse particulate matter mass concentration in a coal-mining area in Zonguldak, Turkey. J Air Waste Manage Assoc 58(4):543–552CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Tiwari S, Bisht DS, Srivastava AK, Pipal AS, Taneja A, Srivastava MK, Attri SD (2014) Variability in atmospheric particulates and meteorological effects on their mass concentrations over Delhi, India. Atmos Res 145:45–56CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Tiwari S, Chate DM, Srivastava MK, Safai PD, Srivastava AK, Bisht DS, Padmanabhamurty B (2012) Statistical evaluation of PM10 and distribution of PM1, PM2.5, and PM10 in ambient air due to extreme fireworks episodes (Deepawali festivals) in megacity Delhi. Nat Hazards 61(2):521–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Trivedi R, Chakraborty MK, Tewary BK (2009) Dust dispersion modeling using fugitive dust model at an opencast coal project of Western Coalfields Limited, India. J Sci Ind Res 68:71–78Google Scholar
  31. Yadav S, Praveen OD, Satsangi PG (2015) The effect of climate and meteorological changes on particulate matter in Pune, India. Environ Monit Assess 187(7):402CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Zhengfu BIAN, Inyang HI, Daniels JL, Frank OTTO, Struthers S (2010) Environmental issues from coal mining and their solutions. Int J Min Sci Technol (China) 20(2):215–223Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satya Prakash Sahu
    • 1
  • Manish Yadav
    • 2
  • Neha Rani
    • 1
  • Arka Jyoti Das
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.Central Mine Planning and Design InstituteBhubaneswarIndia
  3. 3.Mine Design and Simulation SectionCSIR—Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbadIndia

Personalised recommendations