Assessment of occupational health exposure to particulate matter around opencast coal mines, India: a case study

  • Satya Prakash SahuEmail author
  • Manish Yadav
  • Neha Rani
  • Arka Jyoti Das
Original Paper


Particulate matter concentrations in terms of occupational health, namely inhalable, thoracic, and alveolic, were measured using GRIMM aerosol spectrometer in Basundhara Grajanbahal Area, Sundergarh, India. At mining sites, average inhalable, thoracic, and alveolic particle concentrations were found to be 1.8 to 2, 1.8, and 1.2 to 1.6 times the concentrations at residential sites, respectively. Ratio of thoracic/inhalable, alveolic/inhalable, and alveolic/thoracic varied in the range 73–91%, 42–73%, and 55–80% at residential sites and 69–84%, 37–52%, and 49–63% at mining sites, respectively. From correlation analysis, significant positive correlations among particulate matter concentrations, positive correlation of particulate matter concentrations with relative humidity, and negative correlation with temperature and wind speed were obtained.


Inhalable Thoracic Alveolic Opencast mine 



The authors are thankful to Prof. Aditya Kumar Patra, Associate Professor, Department of Mining Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, for providing necessary help during the research work. The valuable suggestions and comments of the anonymous reviewers are highly appreciated as it contributed to extensive improvement of quality of the manuscript.

Supplementary material

12517_2018_3631_MOESM1_ESM.docx (11.9 mb)
ESM 1 (DOCX 12217 kb)


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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Satya Prakash Sahu
    • 1
    Email author
  • Manish Yadav
    • 2
  • Neha Rani
    • 1
  • Arka Jyoti Das
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Mining EngineeringIndian Institute of Technology KharagpurKharagpurIndia
  2. 2.Central Mine Planning and Design InstituteBhubaneswarIndia
  3. 3.Mine Design and Simulation SectionCSIR—Central Institute of Mining and Fuel ResearchDhanbadIndia

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