Effects of alkaline earth metals on the surface, structure, and reactivity of α-alumina
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A series of strontium- and barium-doped alumina samples were prepared by hydrolysis, in neutral medium, starting from commercial Al2O3, SrCO3, and BaCO3 materials. The precursors thus obtained were calcined under air at 700 °C; then, the bulk and surface properties of the resulting mixed oxides were characterized by nitrogen physisorption, X-ray diffraction (XRD), hydrogen temperature-programmed reduction (H2-TPR), thermogravimetry (TGA), and differential thermal analysis (DTA). Contrary to SrCO3, an addition of BaCO3 to α-Al2O3 increases slightly the specific surface area. XRD patterns essentially reveal the characteristic reflections assigned to α-Al2O3. In agreement with TGA and XRD analysis, strontium and barium carbonates remain after calcination at 700 °C, their decomposition starting above 800 °C. Let us note that this decomposition occurs more readily on AlSr-100 than on AlBa-100 with no apparent relationship with the evolution observed on the specific surface areas. H2-TPR experiments underline a significant bulk reduction of barium and strontium carbonates taking place significantly above 900 °C with similar trend noticed during TGA regarding their thermal decomposition. However, the most relevant observation is related to a sharp enhancement of the reducibility of AlSr-y with the appearance two reduction ranges highlighting the existence of different types of interactions with strontium and the alumina substrate.
KeywordsAlkaline earth Alumina Morphology Reducibility
We would like to thank Olivier Gardoll who conducted H2-TPR experiments, Nora Djelal for TGA/DSC analysis, and Laurence Burylo for XRD measurements, from Catalysis and Chemistry of Solids Unit (UCCS), Lille University of Sciences and Technologies, 59655, Villeneuve d’Ascq, France.
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