Geotechnical properties of the soils contaminated with oils, landfill leachate, and fertilizers

  • Safia M. Khodary
  • Abdelazim M. Negm
  • Ahmed Tawfik
Review
  • 137 Downloads

Abstract

Severe modification of geotechnical properties of soils mainly occurred due to physical and/or physicochemical interactions between soil and contaminants such as oils, landfill leachate, and fertilizers. However, the degree of natural soil alteration in terms of permeability, shear strength, compaction, Atterberg limits, consolidation, and compressibility is dependent on contaminant and soil type. A sharp reduction in natural soil permeability occurred due to the migration of particle fragments of the contaminant and clogging the pores between soil particles. Nevertheless, the permeability of the contaminated soil with acidic and alkaline solutions could be increased due to the dissolution of the soil minerals. Physical and physicochemical interactions are predominant in granular and fine-grained soils, respectively. Atterberg limits of the natural soil are deteriorated due to physicochemical interaction with contaminants. Moreover, some contaminants tend to reduce the thickness of the diffuse double layer (DDL), resulting in soil shrinkage and causing a decrease in repulsive forces, thus promoting flocculation of particles.

Keywords

Geotechnical properties Oil contamination Landfill leachate Fertilizers 

Abbreviations

C

cohesion

CBR

California bearing ratio

CC

compression index

CH

high plasticity clay

CL

low plasticity clay

CV

coefficient of consolidation

DDL

diffuse double layer

IP

plasticity index

K

permeability coefficient

MDD

maximum dry density

ML

low plasticity silt

MSW

municipal solid waste

mv

coefficient of volume compressibility

OMC

optimum moisture content

PD

percentage decrease

PI

percentage increase

SM

silty sand

SP

poor-graded sand

SW

well-graded sand

UCS

unconfined compressive strength

WL

liquid limit

WP

plastic limit

WS

shrinkage limit

φ

angle of internal friction

Notes

Acknowledgements

The first author would like to thank Ministry of Higher Education (MoHE) of Egypt for providing a scholarship to conduct this study as well as the Egypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST) for offering all facilities and tools needed to this study. All authors would like to thank the reviewers for their valuable and constructive comments.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Safia M. Khodary
    • 1
  • Abdelazim M. Negm
    • 2
  • Ahmed Tawfik
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Environmental Engineering DepartmentEgypt-Japan University of Science and Technology (E-JUST)AlexandriaEgypt
  2. 2.Faculty of EngineeringZagazig UniversityZagazigEgypt
  3. 3.Water Pollution Research DepartmentNational Research CentreGizaEgypt

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