Advertisement

Preliminary report on a dinosaur tracksite from Lower Cretaceous strata in Mount Lebanon

  • Raymond Gèze
  • Isabelle Veltz
  • Jean-Claude Paicheler
  • Bruno GranierEmail author
  • Roland Habchi
  • Dany Azar
  • Sibelle Maksoud
Original Paper

Abstract

A dinosaur tracksite was discovered in Batha on the side of the road from Harissa to Ghosta (Keserwan, Lebanon). About ten trackways are exposed at the top of two beds of Lower Cretaceous limestones over an area of approximately 1000 m2. These footprints were probably made by at least two dinosaur species, Sauropoda and either Theropoda or Ornithopoda. The site, which is the first record from Lebanon, should be protected to allow further scientific investigations.

Keywords

Dinosaurs Lebanon Lower Cretaceous Jezzinian Tracks Footprints Ichnites 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This research is a contribution to project N° 30959NJ - PHC CEDRE 2014, supported by of the research project of Hubert-Curien Partnership program (PHC) CEDRE, implemented in Lebanon and France by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (Ministère des Affaires étrangères, MAE) and the Ministry of Higher Education and Research (Ministère de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche, MESR) led by Bruno Granier (France) and Dany Azar (Lebanon). This paper is also a contribution of the team project “Biodiversity: Origin, Structure, Evolution and Geology” led by Dany Azar at the Lebanese University. This work has been partially funded with support from the National Council for Scientific Research in Lebanon within the project: “Holostratigraphy of the “falaise de Blanche” formation and updating of the geological maps” allotted to Dany Azar. Finally, the authors are grateful to the reviewers for their detailed critical reviews of the original manuscript and also to Phil Salvador who helped polishing the English text.

Supplementary material

ESM 1

(MP4 218,263 kb)

References

  1. Azar D, Dejax J, Masure E (2011) Palynological analysis of amber-bearing clay from the Lower Cretaceous of Central Lebanon. Acta Geologica Sinica (English Edition) 85(4):942–949Google Scholar
  2. Buffetaut E, Azar D, Nel A, Ziade K, Acra A (2006) First nonavian dinosaur from Lebanon : a brachiosaurid sauropod from the Lower Cretaceous of the Jezzine District. Naturwissenschaften 93(9):440–443Google Scholar
  3. Conrad MA, Peybernès B, Radoičić R (1959) Salpingoporella urladanasi, n. sp., une Dasycladale du Crétacé inférieur d'Espagne et de Yougoslavie. Géol. Méditerranéenne IV(2):73-82Google Scholar
  4. Dubertret L (1951) Carte géologique au 50.000ème feuille de Beyrouth. Ministère des Travaux Publiques, République Libanaise 66 ppGoogle Scholar
  5. Farlow JO, Chapman RE (1997) The scientific study of dinosaur footprints. In: Farlow JO, Brett-Surman MK (eds) The complete dinosaur. Indiana University Press, Bloomington and Indianapolis, Ind, pp. 519–553Google Scholar
  6. Granier B, Azar D, Maksoud S, Gèze R, Habchi R (2015) New fossiliferous sites with Barremian Charophyta in the “Grès du Liban” auct. (Lebanon), with a critical perspective regarding the nature of Munieria Deecke, 1883. Carnets Geol. 15(15):199–229. doi: 10.4267/2042/57947 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Granier B, Toland C, Gèze R, Azar D, Maksoud S (2016) Some steps toward a new story for the Jurassic - Cretaceous transition in Mount Lebanon. Carnets Geol. 16(8):247–269. doi: 10.4267/2042/59924
  8. Henson FRS (1948) Larger imperforate foraminifera of south-western Asia, Families Lituolidae, Orbitolinidae and Meandropsinidae. Monograph of the British Museum of Natural History, London, 127 ppGoogle Scholar
  9. Kuban GJ (1989) Elongate dinosaur tracks. In: Gillette DD, Lockley MG (eds) Dinosaur tracks and traces. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, pp. 428–440Google Scholar
  10. Maksoud S, Granier B, Azar D, Gèze R, Paicheler J-C, Moreno-Bedmar JA (2014) Revision of “Falaise de Blanche” (Lower Cretaceous) in Lebanon, with the definition of a Jezzinian regional stage. Carnets Geol 14(18):401–427. doi: 10.4267/2042/54359
  11. Moreno K, Carrano MT, Snyder R (2007) Morphological changes in pedal phalanges through Ornithopod dinosaur evolution : a biomechanical approach. J Morphol 268:50–63CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Moreno K, De Valais S, Blanco N, Tomlinson AJ, Jacay J, Calvo JO (2012) Large Theropod dinosaur footprint association in western Gondwana : behavioral and paleogeographic implications. Acta Palaeontol Pol 57(1):73–83CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Radoičić R (1959) Salpingoporella dinarica nov. sp. u donjokrednim sedimentima Dinarida. Geol. Glasnik Titograd 3:33-42Google Scholar
  14. Saint-Marc P (1970) Contribution à la connaissance du Crétacé basal au Liban. Revue de Micropaléontologie, Paris 12(4):224–233Google Scholar
  15. Schlumberger C (1904) Note sur le genre Choffatella n.g. Bull Soc géol Fr (4ème série) 04:763-764Google Scholar
  16. Schroeder R, Buchem FSP van, Cherchi A, Baghbani D, Vincent B, Immenhauser A, Granier B (2010) Revised orbitolinid biostratigraphic zonation for the Barremian - Aptian of the eastern Arabian plate and implications for regional stratigraphic correlations. GeoArabia, Manama 1:49–96Google Scholar
  17. Sereno PC, Beck AL, Moussa B, Dutheil D, Larsson HCE, Lyon GH, Sadlier RW, Sidor CA, Varrichio DJ, Wilson GP, Wilson JA (1999) Cretaceous sauropods from the Sahara and the uneven rate of skeletal evolution among dinosaurs. Science 286:1342–1347CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Thulborn T (2012) Impact of sauropod dinosaurs on lagoonal substrates in the Broome Sandstone (Lower Cretaceous), Western Australia. PLoS One 7(5):e36208. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036208iana519-553

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Raymond Gèze
    • 1
  • Isabelle Veltz
    • 2
  • Jean-Claude Paicheler
    • 2
  • Bruno Granier
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Roland Habchi
    • 5
  • Dany Azar
    • 1
    • 6
  • Sibelle Maksoud
    • 1
    • 6
  1. 1.Faculty of Sciences II, Earth and Life Sciences DepartmentLebanese UniversityFanar – MatnLebanon
  2. 2.Laboratoire des Sciences de la Terre et de l’EnvironnementReimsFrance
  3. 3.Département des Sciences de la Terre et de l’Univers, UFR Sciences et TechniquesUniversité de Bretagne OccidentaleBrestFrance
  4. 4.Department of Ecology and Evolutionary BiologyThe University of KansasLawrenceUSA
  5. 5.Research Platform for Nanosciences and NanotechnologiesLebanese UniversityFanarLebanon
  6. 6.Nanjing Institute of Geology and PalaeontologyChinese Academy of SciencesNanjingPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations