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Assessment of a water-harvesting site in Riyadh Region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using hydrological analysis

  • Hesham Fouli
  • Abdulaziz S. AL-Turbak
  • Bashar Bashir
  • Oumar A. Loni
Original Paper

Abstract

A potential ungauged water-harvesting site was chosen in the central Riyadh Region of Saudi Arabia. A hydrological study was carried out on the catchment area from which runoff water will be diverted to the chosen site. Rainfall depth records from three neighboring rain gauges were used. Runoff volumes and peak discharges for the 2-, 5-, and 10-year storms were estimated using three methods, namely, (a) Soil Conservation Service (SCS) Dimensionless Unit Hydrograph (DUH) method assuming Gumbel distribution for rainfall depth analysis, (b) HEC-HMS modeling, and (c) the modified Talbot formula. The results show that the modified Talbot formula yields an order of magnitude higher peak discharge values for all return periods. The SCS-DUH method and HEC-HMS modeling provide comparable estimates for the peak discharges and runoff volumes. The peak discharges obtained through the Hydrologic Engineering Center-Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) model for the 2-, 5-, and 10-year storms are 0.17, 0.83, and 1.34 times than those obtained by the SCS-DUH, respectively. The HEC-HMS runoff volume estimates are 0.18, 0.85, and 1.36 times than those estimated by the SCS-DUH for the 2-, 5-, and 10-year storms, respectively.

Keywords

Water harvesting Arid regions Riyadh Region Hydrologic analyses 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors would like to thank the Chair of Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water of Prince Sultan Institute for Environmental, Water and Desert Research at King Saud University for the provided financial and technical support. The authors also thank Dr. Rabie S. Fouli, former World Meteorological Organization (WMO) expert, for his productive discussions and review of the manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hesham Fouli
    • 1
    • 2
  • Abdulaziz S. AL-Turbak
    • 1
    • 2
  • Bashar Bashir
    • 1
    • 2
  • Oumar A. Loni
    • 1
    • 3
  1. 1.Chair of Prince Sultan Bin Abdulaziz International Prize for Water, Prince Sultan Institute for Environmental, Water and Desert ResearchKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.Department of Civil EngineeringKing Saud UniversityRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  3. 3.King Abdulaziz City for Science and Technology (KACST)RiyadhSaudi Arabia

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