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Dust storms, volcanic ash hurricanes, and turbidity currents: physical similarities and differences with emphasis on flow temperature

  • Domenico M. DoronzoEmail author
  • Joan Martí
  • Pierfrancesco Dellino
  • Guido Giordano
  • Roberto Sulpizio
Original Paper
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. DUST

Abstract

We analyze similarities and differences between three natural phenomena of common occurrence on Earth, which are studied in environmental geosciences: dust storms, volcanic ash hurricanes, and turbidity currents. The discussion combines field and experimental observations and physical concepts with the aim of proposing general guidelines for multiphase flow modeling in geosciences. All of these phenomena are fascinating, but their potentially dangerous interaction with the environment and human infrastructures makes them worthy of particular attention. The main similarity between the three phenomena is the transportation of fine particles, i.e., dust, over distances of several tens to thousands of kilometers, whereas the main difference is the origin and distribution of the particle load in the environment. Finally, we propose a thermal model for the volcanic case, which is applicable to any particulate currents sedimenting and depositing dust on Earth.

Keywords

Dust storms Subaqueous flows Volcanic ash Flow temperature Modeling Experiments Rock physics Mediterranean 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We thank two reviewers, guest editor Arnau Folch and the editorial staff for making suggestions on the topic of dust and for assisting this manuscript.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2016

Authors and Affiliations

  • Domenico M. Doronzo
    • 1
    • 2
    Email author
  • Joan Martí
    • 3
  • Pierfrancesco Dellino
    • 4
  • Guido Giordano
    • 5
  • Roberto Sulpizio
    • 4
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Meccanica, Matematica e Management, Politecnico di BariBariItaly
  2. 2.Centro de Geociencias, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de MexicoQueretaroMexico
  3. 3.Institute of Earth Sciences “Jaume Almera”, CSICBarcelonaSpain
  4. 4.Dipartimento di Scienze della Terra e GeoambientaliUniversità degli Studi di BariBariItaly
  5. 5.Dipartimento di Scienze, Sezione di Scienze GeologicheUniversità “Roma Tre”RomeItaly

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