Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 8, Issue 2, pp 951–959 | Cite as

Water scarcity impact of climate change in semi-arid regions: a case study in Mujib basin, Jordan

  • Mahmoud Abu-Allaban
  • Ali El-Naqa
  • Mohammed Jaber
  • Nezar Hammouri
Original Paper

Abstract

Jordan is confronting a severe water scarcity because of its reliance on a highly fluctuating annual precipitation. The impact of climate change on freshwater resources is of primary concern as it may elevate water shortage problem. Therefore, climate change has to be adequately addressed in order to attain proper management and sustainable use of available water resources. In this paper, incremental scenarios of climate change have been deployed to assess foreseen impacts of climate change on water resources in Mujib, a groundwater basin in central Jordan by the aid of Soil and Water Assessment Tool hydrological model. Ten incremental scenarios representing dry, normal, and wet events are tried. Findings indicate that dry scenarios lead to about 20 to 50 % reduction in annual precipitation and surface runoff. However, wet scenarios estimate annual precipitation and surface runoff to increase up to fourfold the baseline values.

Keywords

Climate change SWAT Groundwater Surface water Water runoff 

References

  1. Ahmed I, Al-Othman AA, Umar R (2013) Is shrinking groundwater resources leading to socioeconomic and environmental degradation in Central Ganga Plain, India? Arab J Geosci. doi:10.1007/s12517-013-1058-3Al Google Scholar
  2. Al-Assa’d TA, Abdulla FA (2010) Artificial groundwater recharge to a semi-arid basin: case study of Mujib aquifer, Jordan. Environ Earth Sci 60:845–859. doi:10.1007/s12665-009-0222-2 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Al-Hasan AS, El-Sayed Mattar Y (2013) Mean runoff coefficient estimation for ungauged streams in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Arab J Geosci. doi:10.1007/s12517-013-0892-7 Google Scholar
  4. Al Rawashdeh S, Ruzouq R, Al-Fugara A (2013) Monitoring of Dead Sea water surface variation using multi-temporal satellite data and GIS. Arab J Geosci 6:3241–3248. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0630-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Ali RR, Abdel Kawy WAM (2013) Land degradation risk assessment of El Fayoum depression. Egypt Arab J Geosci 6:2767–2776. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0524-7 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Al-Taani A (2013) Seasonal variations in water quality of Al-Wehda Dam north of Jordan and water suitability for irrigation in summer. Arab J Geosci 6:1131–1140. doi:10.1007/s12517-011-0428-y CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Arnold JG, Allen PM, Bernhardt G (1993) A comprehensive surface-groundwater flow model. J Hydrol 142:47–69. doi:10.1016/0022-1694(93)90004-S CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Arnold JG, Kiniry JR, Srinivasan R, Williams JR, Haney EB, Neitsch SL (2011) Soil and Water Assessment Tool input/output documentation version 2009. Texas Water Resources Institute Technical report no. 365. Temple, TexasGoogle Scholar
  9. Chen Z, Grasby SE, Osadetz KG (2002) Predicting average annual groundwater levels from climatic variables: an empirical model. J Hydrol 260:102–117. doi:10.1016/S0022-1694(01)00606-0 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. El-Naqa A, Al Kuisi M (2013) Groundwater resources assessment for irrigable agricultural lands in the Wadi Araba area, southern Jordan. Arab J Geosci 6:3027–3039. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0579-5 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Essefi E, Touir J, Tagorti MA (2013) Effect of the groundwater contribution, the climatic change, and the human-induced activities on the hydrological behavior of discharge playas: a case study Sidi El Hani discharge playa, Tunisian Sahel. Arab J Geosci 6:3997–4009. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0659-6 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. EXACT (2006) Application of methods for analysis of rainfall intensity in areas of Israeli, Jordanian, and Palestinian interest. Executive Action Team, Middle East Water Data Banks Project. http://exact-me.org/ri/rain2/EXACT.Rainfall.Intensity.rev1.pdf. Accessed 10 Oct 2013
  13. Hamdi MR, Abu-Allaban M, Al-Shayeb A, Jaber M, Momani NM (2009) Climate change in Jordan: a comprehensive examination approach. Am J Environ Sci 5:58–68CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Hammouri N, El-Naqa A (2007) Hydrological drought assessment using GIS and remote sensing for Amman-Zarqa Basin, Jordan. Jordan J Civ Eng 1:142–152Google Scholar
  15. IPCC (2001) Impacts adaptation and vulnerability. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group II. Third Assessment Report. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  16. IPCC (2007) Impacts, adaptation and vulnerability. Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Working Group II. Fourth Assessment Report. Cambridge University Press, CambridgeGoogle Scholar
  17. JICA (1986) Hydrological and water use study of the Mujib watershed. Ministry of Planning in Cooperation with Water Authority, AmmanGoogle Scholar
  18. Knisel WG (1980) CREAMS: a fieldscale model for Chemical, Runoff, and Erosion from Agricultural Management Systems, USDA. Science and Education Administration, Conservation Report No. 26, Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  19. Leonard RA, Knisel WG, Still DA (1987) GLEAMS: Groundwater Loading Effects of Agricultural Management Systems. Trans Am Soc Agric Eng 30:1403–1418CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Mailu GM (1993) The climatic impact on water resources in Wajir District, Kenya. In: Proceedings of the First International Conference of the African Meteorological Society. Nairobi, Kenya, pp 925–931Google Scholar
  21. Ministry of Environment (2009) Jordan’s Second National Communication to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), Amman, JordanGoogle Scholar
  22. Neitsch SL, Arnold JG, Kiniry JR, Williams JR (2005) Soil and Water Assessment Tool, theoretical documentation version 2005. Agricultural Research Service, TempleGoogle Scholar
  23. Petheram C, Walker G, Grayson R, Thierfelder T, Zhang L (2001) Towards a framework for predicting impacts of land-use on recharge. Aust J Soil Res 40:397–417. doi:10.1071/SR00057 CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Royal Society for the Conservation of Nature (2012) http://www.rscn.org.jo/orgsite/RSCN/HelpingNature/ProtectedAreas/MujibNatureReserve/tabid/94/Default.aspx. Accessed 10 Oct 2013
  25. Şen Z, Al Sefry SA, Al Ghamdi SA (2012) Strategic groundwater resources planning in arid regions. Arab J Geosci. doi:10.1007/s12517-012-0701-8 Google Scholar
  26. Williams JR (1975) Sediment routing for agricultural watersheds. Water Resour Bull 11:965–974CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Williams JR, Nicks AD, Arnold JG (1985) Simulator for water resources in rural basins. J Hydraul Eng 111:970–986CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mahmoud Abu-Allaban
    • 1
  • Ali El-Naqa
    • 1
  • Mohammed Jaber
    • 1
  • Nezar Hammouri
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Water Management and EnvironmentThe Hashemite UniversityZarqaJordan
  2. 2.Department of Geology and EnvironmentThe Hashemite UniversityZarqaJordan

Personalised recommendations