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Arabian Journal of Geosciences

, Volume 7, Issue 12, pp 5353–5366 | Cite as

Geochemistry of the Late Jurassic–Early Cretaceous shales (Shurijeh Formation) in the intracontinental Kopet-Dagh Basin, northeastern Iran: implication for provenance, source weathering, and paleoenvironments

  • Maryam Mortazavi
  • Reza Moussavi-Harami
  • Asadallah Mahboubi
  • Mahdi Nadjafi
Original Paper

Abstract

In the present study, the geochemical data were used to investigate the provenance, weathering history, and paleoenvironmental studies of the Shurijeh Shales, Kopet-Dagh Basin. The X-ray diffraction and X-ray fluorescence spectrometry techniques are used for geochemical analyses. The provenance discrimination equations and plots of the Shurijeh Shales in the provenance discrimination diagrams indicate that the nature of the source rocks probably was acidic (granitic). With attention to the chemical index of alteration, plagioclase index of alteration, and chemical index of weathering values which range from 76.26 to 95.48 %, it can be contended that the litho-components of the studied shales were subjected to intense chemical weathering. The low values of Ni/Co and Cu/Zn ratios and investigation of P2O5, V, and Al2O3 values of Shurijeh Shales suggest that the deposition of these shales is performed under oxic shallow marine to fluvial environments.

Keywords

Geochemistry Shale Provenance Weathering Paleoenvironment Kopet-Dagh Basin 

Notes

Acknowledgments

We acknowledge the Geological Department of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad for providing the fieldwork facilities and other logistic support that we received. We also would like to thank Spectrum Kansaran Binaloud Mine Material Research Company (Mashhad) for the XRF and XRD analysis and from Central Laboratory of the Ferdowsi University of Mashhad for SEM-EDS analysis. We also would like to thank the Chief Editor, Prof. B. Pradhan, and unknown reviewer for the review of the first draft and their extensive review that improved our manuscript significantly.

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Copyright information

© Saudi Society for Geosciences 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Maryam Mortazavi
    • 1
  • Reza Moussavi-Harami
    • 1
  • Asadallah Mahboubi
    • 1
  • Mahdi Nadjafi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geology, Faculty of ScienceFerdowsi University of MashhadMashhadIran

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