Terrestrial water dynamics in the lower Ganges—estimates from ENVISAT and GRACE
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In this study, the hydrodynamics of lower Ganges basin in India has been monitored using radar altimetry data from environmental satellite (ENVISAT) mission and microgravity data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) mission. River stage time series have been constructed for different virtual stations on the lower Ganges. Time series for the integrated water volume changes from microgravity measurements have also been constructed to characterize the seasonal and interannual fluctuation patterns in water storage and flux. The ENVISAT dataset indicates an average seasonal river stage fluctuation of 8 m in the lower Ganges River. The GRACE dataset reveals a seasonal fluctuation ranging from 0.18 to 0.40 m in the vertically integrated total water storage in the lower Ganges basin. The two independent datasets show broad similarity in the lower Ganges basin and outline the importance of space-based techniques for monitoring continental water resources.
KeywordAltimetry ENVISAT GRACE Virtual station Ganges River stage Time series
The first author wishes to acknowledge the French Embassy in India for the financial support (Cellules Mixtes de Recheche PhD Fellowship) during the visit to LEGOS at Toulouse, France for the accomplishment of this work.
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