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Neuropraxis

, Volume 23, Issue 5, pp 101–106 | Cite as

De ontwikkeling van het sociale brein: meer begrip van sociale en antisociale trajecten

  • Eduard T. KlapwijkEmail author
  • Eveline A. Crone
Artikel

Samenvatting

Sociale vaardigheden zijn cruciaal voor een goede ontwikkeling van kind tot volwassene. In dit artikel bespreken we de ontwikkeling van het sociale brein, opgedeeld in verschillende hersennetwerken die betrokken zijn bij verschillende sociale vaardigheden. We richten ons met name op de adolescentie, een vormende periode, waarin jongeren zich kunnen ontwikkelen tot sociaal-betrokken volwassenen. Ook bespreken we wat bekend is over het functioneren van deze hersennetwerken bij jongeren die antisociaal gedrag vertonen, een groep jongeren die deels gekenmerkt wordt door afwijkend sociaal functioneren en het benadelen van anderen. De hersengebieden die zijn betrokken bij acceptatie en afwijzing en het ervaren van empathie zijn gevoelig voor onderlinge verschillen en omgevingsinvloeden, en lijken grotendeels uitgerijpt voor de adolescentie. Het hersennetwerk voor perspectief nemen ontwikkelt zich structureel en functioneel nog door gedurende de adolescentie. Ook wijken deze netwerken op verschillende manieren af bij jongeren die antisociaal gedrag vertonen; met name op het gebied van empathie en perspectief nemen.

Trefwoorden

hersenontwikkeling sociale brein antisociaal gedrag perspectief nemen empathie 

Notes

Financiering

This project has received funding from the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 681632).

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Instituut Psychologie, Ontwikkelings- en OnderwijspsychologieUniversiteit LeidenLeidenNederland

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