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Neuropraxis

, Volume 23, Issue 2, pp 26–30 | Cite as

Medicatie voor ADHD om schoolprestaties te verbeteren: (hoe) werkt dat?

  • Anne F. Kortekaas-RijlaarsdamEmail author
Artikel

Samenvatting

Veel kinderen met ADHD ervaren problemen op school, variërend van een milde achterstand tot het niet kunnen volgen van regulier onderwijs. Behandeling van ADHD is gericht op het verminderen van de gedragsproblemen. De schoolproblemen die deze kinderen en jongeren ervaren zijn echter regelmatig onderdeel van de behandelvraag. De meest voorkomende behandeling voor ADHD is behandeling met stimulantia. Dit artikel is gebaseerd op de resultaten van het proefschrift ‘Academic underperformance in ADHD: is medication the solution?’. Doel van het onderzoek was in kaart te brengen welke effecten stimulantia hebben op de schoolprestaties van kinderen met ADHD en hoe deze effecten tot stand komen (bijv. via verbeteringen in gedrag, cognitie en motivatie). Het onderzoek laat zien dat de effecten van deze medicijnen op de schoolprestaties van kinderen met ADHD klein zijn, en dat er vooral sprake is van kwantitatieve verbeteringen en nauwelijks van kwalitatieve verbeteringen. Het is daarom belangrijk dat kinderen, jongeren, ouders en leerkrachten realistische verwachtingen hebben van deze behandelmethode ten aanzien van vooruitgang op school. Voor effectieve non-medicamenteuze behandelingen die de schoolprestaties van kinderen en jongeren met ADHD verbeteren is het wetenschappelijk bewijs tot op heden beperkt.

Trefwoorden

ADHD medicatie methylfenidaat schoolprestaties 

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Afdeling Pedagogiek en OnderwijswetenschappenVrije Universiteit AmsterdamAmsterdamNederland

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