Public Transport

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 341–377 | Cite as

Real-world meeting points for shared demand-responsive transportation systems

  • Paul CzioskaEmail author
  • Ronny Kutadinata
  • Aleksandar Trifunović
  • Stephan Winter
  • Monika Sester
  • Bernhard Friedrich
Original Paper


While shared demand-responsive transportation (SDRT) systems mostly operate on a door-to-door policy, the usage of meeting points for customer pick-up and drop-off can offer several benefits, such as fewer stops and less total travelled kilometers. Moreover, real-world meeting points offer a possibility to select only feasible and well-defined locations where safe boarding and alighting are possible. This paper investigates the impact of using such meeting points for the SDRT problem with meeting points (SDRT-MP). A three-step procedure is applied to solve the SDRT-MP. Firstly, the customers are clustered into temporary and spatially similar groups and then the alternative meeting points, for boarding and alighting, are determined for each cluster. Finally, a neighbourhood search algorithm is used to obtain the vehicle routes that pass through all the used meeting points while respecting passengers’ time constraints. The goal is to examine the differences of a real-world meeting point-based system in contrast to a door-to-door service by a simulation with realistic meeting point locations derived from the map data. Although the average passenger travel time is higher due to increased walking and waiting times, the experiment highlights a reduction of operator resources required to serve all customers.


Demand-responsive transportation Shared mobility Meeting points 



This research has been supported by the German Research Foundation (DFG) through the Research Training Group Social Cars (GRK 1931), the Australian Research Council’s Linkage Projects funding scheme (project number LP120200130), the Universities Australia and the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD) under the Australia-Germany Joint Research Co-operation Scheme.


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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Institute of Cartography and GeoinformaticsLeibniz Universität HannoverHanoverGermany
  2. 2.Department of Infrastructure EngineeringThe University of MelbourneParkvilleAustralia
  3. 3.Institute of Transportation and Urban EngineeringTechnische Universität BraunschweigBrunswickGermany

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