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Kind en adolescent

, Volume 39, Issue 4, pp 257–281 | Cite as

Effectonderzoek naar de ouderinterventie Pittige Jaren

  • Joyce Weeland
  • Rabia R. Chhangur
  • Daniëlle van der Giessen
  • Walter Matthys
  • Bram Orobio de Castro
  • Geertjan Overbeek
Artikelen
  • 69 Downloads

Samenvatting

Deze studie onderzoekt of de preventieve variant van de ouderinterventie Pittige Jaren (in het Engels The Incredible Years; IY) effectief is in het verminderen van externaliserende gedragsproblemen en of veronderstelde moderatoren (d.w.z., ernst van probleemgedrag bij aanvang van de interventie, geslacht kind, sociaaleconomische status, gezinssamenstelling en het aantal interventiesessies waaraan ouders deelnamen) invloed hebben op deze effectiviteit.

In een gerandomiseerd gecontroleerd onderzoek, bestaande uit een voormeting, nameting en follow-up, zijn er data verzameld (zowel via vragenlijsten als observaties) van 387 ouders en hun kinderen in de leeftijd van 4–8 jaar (Mleeftijd = 6,21 jaar; SD = 1,33; 55,3 % jongens).

IY leidde tot een toename van positief opvoedgedrag (zowel gerapporteerd als geobserveerd) en een afname van negatief opvoedgedrag en gedragsproblemen bij kinderen (gerapporteerd). We vonden echter geen systematisch bewijs dat de onderzochte moderatoren deze effecten beïnvloedden. Dit wijst erop dat de effecten van IY generaliseerbaar zijn naar een brede populatie in een preventieve setting.

Trefwoorden

gerandomiseerde gecontroleerde trial The Incredible Years / Pittige Jaren moderatoren 

Effectiveness of the parenting intervention ‘The Incredible Years’

Abstract

We tested the effectiveness of the parenting training ‘The Incredible Years’ (IY) in reducing child externalizing problem behaviour in a prevention setting, and the effects of previously suggested moderators (i.e. initial severity of the externalizing problem behaviour, child gender, socio-economic status, family composition and number of sessions that parents attended).

In a randomized controlled trial consisting of pre-test, post-test and follow-up measurements, data were collected (through both questionnaires and observations) on 387 parents and children aged 4 to 8 (Mage= 6.21 years; SD = 1.33; 55.3% boys).

IY was effective in increasing positive parenting (reported and observed) and decreasing both negative parenting (reported) and child problem behaviour (reported). No systematic evidence emerged for the putative moderation of IY effectiveness. This indicates that the intervention effects of IY can be generalized to a broad population of families in a prevention setting.

Keywords

randomized controlled trial The Incredible Years moderators 

Notes

Financiering

Deze studie is gefinancierd door de Nederlandse Organisatie voor Wetenschappelijk Onderzoek (NWO: 452-10-005).

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Copyright information

© Bohn Stafleu van Loghum is een imprint van Springer Media B.V., onderdeel van Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joyce Weeland
    • 1
  • Rabia R. Chhangur
    • 2
  • Daniëlle van der Giessen
    • 1
  • Walter Matthys
    • 3
  • Bram Orobio de Castro
    • 4
  • Geertjan Overbeek
    • 1
  1. 1.afdeling Pedagogiek, Onderwijskunde en LerarenopleidingUniversiteit van AmsterdamAmsterdamNederland
  2. 2.Gemeente AmsterdamAmsterdamNederland
  3. 3.afdeling Orthopedagogiek: Psychosociale ProblemenUniversiteit UtrechtUtrechtNederland
  4. 4.afdeling OntwikkelingspsychologieUniversiteit UtrechtUtrechtNederland

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