ADHD Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders

, Volume 6, Issue 4, pp 241–248

Utility of cognitive neuropsychological assessment in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder

  • Klaus W. Lange
  • Joachim Hauser
  • Katharina M. Lange
  • Ewelina Makulska-Gertruda
  • Tomoyuki Takano
  • Yoshihiro Takeuchi
  • Lara Tucha
  • Oliver Tucha
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s12402-014-0132-3

Cite this article as:
Lange, K.W., Hauser, J., Lange, K.M. et al. ADHD Atten Def Hyp Disord (2014) 6: 241. doi:10.1007/s12402-014-0132-3

Abstract

The present review addresses the question of whether and how neuropsychological tests assessing cognition in attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) can contribute to clinical and scientific issues concerning ADHD. Neuropsychological studies have shown various though inconsistent cognitive deficits in patients with ADHD. While patients with ADHD, at group level, may differ from healthy participants in regard to cognitive functioning, there is no distinct psychometric cognitive test or profile allowing an individual diagnosis of ADHD or the identification of subtypes according to DSM. Psychometric neuropsychological tests may provide a precise description of the cognitive problems in individual patients and offer specific information for individualized treatment planning. In addition, neuropsychological assessment may contribute to neuroscientific research by providing endophenotypes or biological markers of ADHD. Cognitive neuropsychological assessment appears to be at present of limited clinical use and confined to individual descriptions.

Keywords

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) Cognition Neuropsychology Psychometry Review 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Wien 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Klaus W. Lange
    • 1
  • Joachim Hauser
    • 1
  • Katharina M. Lange
    • 1
  • Ewelina Makulska-Gertruda
    • 1
  • Tomoyuki Takano
    • 2
  • Yoshihiro Takeuchi
    • 2
  • Lara Tucha
    • 3
  • Oliver Tucha
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Experimental PsychologyUniversity of RegensburgRegensburgGermany
  2. 2.Department of PediatricsShiga University of Medical ScienceŌtsuJapan
  3. 3.Department of Clinical and Developmental NeuropsychologyUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands

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