Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 424–434 | Cite as

2,3-butanediol Induces Systemic Acquired Resistance in the Plant Immune Response

  • Ky Young Park
  • So Yeon Seo
  • Beak-Rock Oh
  • Jeong-Woo Seo
  • Yu Jung Kim
Original Article


Plants harbor a wide diversity of microorganisms, which are involved in major plant functions such as nutrition and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses. Recently, the importance of the rhizosphere microbiome for plant growth has been widely recognized. Therefore, we researched the effects of 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) in order to obtain insights into systemic acquired resistance (SAR) mediated through reactive oxygen species (ROS) homeostasis and pathogenesis-related (PR) gene expression. Syringe infiltration with Paenibacillus polymyxa DSM 365 surprisingly mitigated cell damage, which was induced by the compatible plant pathogen Phytophtora parasitica var. nicotianae (Ppn). Furthermore, syringe infiltration with 2,3-BD produced from P. polymyxa effectively enhanced SAR to compatible Ppn through down-regulation of ROS biosynthetic genes (NtRbohD and NtRbohF) and up-regulation of ROS detoxification and PR protein expression. In addition, synergy between 2,3-BD and nonexpressor pathogenesis-related protein 1 (NPR1) enhanced resistance to pathogen infection. Taken together, our study demonstrates the potential applicability of leaf and root-associated microbiomes as biopestcides to increase efficiency and yield in agricultural systems.


2,3-butanediol (2,3-BD) Nonexpressor pathogenesis-related protein 1 (NPR1) Paenibacillus polymyxa Plant immunity Reactive oxygen species (ROS) Systemic acquired resistance (SAR) 


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Supplementary material

12374_2018_421_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (104 kb)
Table S1. Primers used in this study for real-time qRT-PCR.


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Plant Biologists and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ky Young Park
    • 1
  • So Yeon Seo
    • 1
  • Beak-Rock Oh
    • 2
  • Jeong-Woo Seo
    • 2
  • Yu Jung Kim
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of BiologySunchon National UniversitySunchon, ChonnamKorea
  2. 2.Microbial Biotechnology Research Center, Jeonbuk Branch InstituteKorea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology (KRIBB)Jeongeup, JeonbukKorea

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