Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 61, Issue 6, pp 374–382 | Cite as

Gene Expression Profiling Provides Insight into the Escape Behavior of Deepwater Rice During Submergence

  • Soong-Taek Hwang
  • Yeon-Ki Kim
  • Seong-Han Sohn
  • Dongsu ChoiEmail author
Original Article


Submergence harms plants by limiting gas exchange and decreasing incoming light. Upon prolonged flooding, deepwater rice (Oryza sativa) escapes complete submergence by rapid stem growth, but the mechanism of stem elongation in the early stages following submergence remains unclear. To elucidate changes in gene expression during early submergence-induced stem elongation, we performed transcriptome analysis using microarray system in deepwater rice. We compared gene expression between the control (0 h) and 1, 4 hour after submergence. We found 586 and 1,353 genes for Sub 1 h and 4 h treatments each that were up-regulated by at least two-fold, compared to the control (P < 0.05), submergence up-regulated gene expression related to at least 10 independent biological processes. Expression of deepwater rice genes related to energy production through fermentation increased with time after submergence, which likely ensures sufficient energy for rapid stem elongation. We provide the first report of initial and overall expression of deepwater rice genes related to the response specific to submergence escape.


Deepwater rice Microarray Stem elongation Submergence escape Transcriptome 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Plant Biologists and Springer-Verlag GmbH Germany, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Soong-Taek Hwang
    • 1
  • Yeon-Ki Kim
    • 2
  • Seong-Han Sohn
    • 3
    • 4
  • Dongsu Choi
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of BiologyKunsan National UniversityGunsan-siKorea
  2. 2.Department of Biosciences and BioinformaticsMyongji UniversityYonginKorea
  3. 3.Genomics Division, Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, National Institute of Agricultural SciencesRural Development AdministrationJeonjuKorea
  4. 4.Current address; National Agrobiodiversity Center, National Institute of Agricultural SciencesRural Development AdministrationJeonjuKorea

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