Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 225–238 | Cite as

Estimation of forest carbon budget from land cover change in South and North Korea between 1981 and 2010

  • Guishan Cui
  • Woo-Kyun Lee
  • Damin Kim
  • Eun Jung Lee
  • Hanbin Kwak
  • Hyun-Ah Choi
  • Doo-Ahn Kwak
  • Seongwoo Jeon
  • Seongwoo Jeon
Original Article


This paper quantified carbon budget in the past 30 years (1981–2010) and identified the impact of land cover change on carbon dynamics using vegetation integrated simulator for trace gases (VISIT) model. North Korea was converted from carbon sink to source with 10.72 ± 5.18 Tg C yr−1 of net ecosystem production (NEP) in the 1980s, 3.00 ± 7.96 Tg C yr−1 in the 1990s, and −0.46 ± 5.13 Tg C yr−1 in the 2000s. NEP in South Korea was 10.55 ± 1.09 Tg C yr−1 in the 1980s, 10.47 ± 7.28 Tg C yr−1 in the 1990s, and 6.32 ± 5.02 Tg C yr−1 in the 2000s, showing a gradual decline. In North Korea, NEP was decreased by 0.52 Tg yr−1 in the 1990s due to reduction of forest, and increased by 0.36 Tg yr−1 in the 2000s due to expansion of cropland. In South Korea, it was decreased by 0.24 Tg yr−1 in the 1990s as urban and built-up area expanded, and increased by 0.04 Tg yr−1 in the 2000s with the expansion of forest. These results suggest the importance of forest and land cover management against deforestation for ensuring national carbon balance.


Carbon budget Forest carbon Land cover change VISIT 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Plant Biologists and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Guishan Cui
    • 1
  • Woo-Kyun Lee
    • 1
  • Damin Kim
    • 1
  • Eun Jung Lee
    • 1
  • Hanbin Kwak
    • 1
  • Hyun-Ah Choi
    • 1
  • Doo-Ahn Kwak
    • 1
  • Seongwoo Jeon
    • 2
  • Seongwoo Jeon
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of Environmental Science and Ecological EngineeringKorea UniversitySeoulKorea
  2. 2.Division of Natural Resources ConservationKorea Environment InstituteSeoulKorea
  3. 3.Key Laboratory of Natural Resources of Changbai Moutain & Functional MoleculesYanjiChina

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