Journal of Plant Biology

, Volume 57, Issue 4, pp 245–254 | Cite as

Arabidopsis ROP9 and ROP10 GTPases differentially regulate auxin and ABA responses

  • Yunjung Choi
  • Youngsook LeeEmail author
  • Jae-Ung HwangEmail author
Original Article


Auxin and abscisic acid (ABA) are major plant hormones that act together to modulate numerous aspects of plant growth and development, including seed germination, primary root elongation, and lateral root formation. In this study, we analyzed the loss-of-function mutants of two closely related ROP (Rho of plants) GTPases, ROP9 and ROP10, and found that these ROP GTPases differentially regulate the auxin and ABA responses. rop9 and rop10 mutations enhanced the ABA-induced suppression of seed germination, primary root growth, and lateral root formation and the expression of ABA-responsive genes, whereas rop9 but not rop10 suppressed auxin-induced root phenotypes and auxin-responsive gene expression. These results suggest that both ROP9 and ROP10 function as negative regulators of ABA signaling, and that ROP9, but not ROP10, functions as a positive regulator of auxin signaling. Previously, ROPinteractive CRIB motif-containing protein 1 (RIC1) was reported to participate in auxin and ABA responses, and to have a similar effect as ROP9 and ROP10 on gene expression, root development, and seed germination. Because RIC proteins mediate ROP GTPase signaling, our results suggest that ROP9 and ROP10 GTPases function upstream of RIC1 in auxin- and ABA-regulated root development and seed germination.


Abscisic acid Auxin Lateral root development Primary root growth ROP GTPases Seed germination 


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Copyright information

© Korean Society of Plant Biologists and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.POSTECH-UZH Global Research Laboratory, Department of Life SciencesPohang University of Science and Technology (POSTECH)PohangKorea
  2. 2.Division of Integrative Bioscience and BiotechnologyPOSTECHPohangKorea

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