Generation of transgenic Arabidopsis plants expressing mcherry-fused organelle marker proteins
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In eukaryotic cells, a major proportion of the cellular proteins localize to various subcellular organelles where they are involved in organelle-specific cellular processes. Thus, the localization of a particular protein in the cell is an important part of understanding the physiological role of the protein in the cell. Various approaches such as subcellular fractionation, immunolocalization and live imaging have been used to define the localization of organellar proteins. Of these various approaches, the most powerful one is the live imaging because it can show in vivo dynamics of protein localization depending on cellular and environmental conditions without disturbing cellular structures. However, the live imaging requires the ability to detect the organelles in live cells. In this study, we report generation of a new set of transgenic Arabidopsis plants using various organelle marker proteins fused to a fluorescence protein, monomeric Cherry (mCherry). All these markers representing different subcellular organelles such as chloroplasts, mitochondria, peroxisomes, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) and lytic vacuole showed clear and specific signals regardless of the cell types and tissues. These marker lines can be used to determine localization of organellar proteins by colocalization and also to study the dynamics of organelles under various developmental and environmental conditions.
KeywordsChloroplast ER Live image Lytic vacuole Mitochondria Organellar marker lines Peroxisome
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