pp 1–11 | Cite as

Inventory of Key Geosites in the Butajira Volcanic Field: Perspective for the First Geopark in Ethiopia

  • Leta MegerssaEmail author
  • Vladislav Rapprich
  • Roman Novotný
  • Kryštof Verner
  • Vojtěch Erban
  • Firdawok Legesse
  • Mihret Manaye
Original Article
Part of the following topical collections:
  1. Geoheritage: the foundation for sustainable geotourism


Notable attractions of a geological environment in Ethiopia are described as potential for geosites. Apart from the UNESCO-recognised sites of cultural and historical values, we appraise the potential of a volcanic landscape endowed with multitude of natural attractions in central Main Ethiopian Rift near the town of Butajira. A volcano that stands still with the crystalized lava flow from its top to several kilometres forming a lava canyon, a spectacular crater lake, a mystic cave in a basaltic rock, a series of majestic waterfalls, and geysers and still the rich local cultural and cuisine experiences all converge at the locality. Each of the attractions is described and put to context as call out to the concerned entities for the attention to develop a scheme for appraising, developing, and protecting such sites elsewhere in the country and utilise them as additional attractions.


Volcanic geoheritage Continental rift Volcanic field Scoria cone Maar Butajira volcanic field 



The geoheritage potential has been evaluated concurrently with research on geological hazards in the Southern Nations, Nationalities and Peoples Region within the framework of the Czech-Ethiopian Development Cooperation supported by the Czech Ministry of Foreign Affairs through the Czech Development Agency. We are grateful to the Geological Survey of Ethiopia and its staff as well as to local people for assistance during field work, namely at the entrance to Shetan Cave. The manuscript was completed with support from the Czech Geological Survey (project 310410).


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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Faculty of Science, Institute of Petrology and Structural GeologyCharles University in PraguePragueCzech Republic
  2. 2.Geological Survey of EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopia
  3. 3.Czech Geological SurveyPragueCzech Republic
  4. 4.Construction Design and Supervision Enterprise of EthiopiaAddis AbabaEthiopia

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