, Volume 6, Issue 3, pp 185–192 | Cite as

Geo-knowledge Management and Geoconservation via Geoparks and Geotourism

  • Neda T. FarsaniEmail author
  • Celeste O. A. Coelho
  • Carlos M. M. Costa
  • Alireza Amrikazemi
Original Article


A geopark as a new tourism destination contains a number of geological heritage sites. Geoparks as an innovation for the protection of natural and geological heritage are a network of sites for the transfer of Earth knowledge and the popularisation of geosciences. Moreover, geoparks play an important role in rural development through local involvement in geopark and geotourism activities. This paper discusses the role played by geoparks in the conservation and geo-knowledge management. To this end, 25 geopark strategies were analysed (20 in Europe and three in Asia: Malaysia, Japan and Iran; one in Australia and one in South America: Brazil). The results indicate that finding, introducing and establishing geosites are the first steps for geopark creation. Furthermore, involving local communities in the conservation of geoparks and providing educational projects are key factors in the knowledge management and preservation of geoparks as new tourist attractions.


Conservation Geoconservation Geopark Geotourism Knowledge management Local involvement 



Firstly, our appreciation goes to FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia) for supporting this paper which is a part of PhD thesis of the first author. In addition, the authors wish to thank Margarete Patzak—the director of the Division of earth sciences in UNESCO—for her contribution in collecting questionnaires, and they also appreciate the help of managers and officials for providing the requested information.


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Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Neda T. Farsani
    • 1
    Email author
  • Celeste O. A. Coelho
    • 2
  • Carlos M. M. Costa
    • 3
  • Alireza Amrikazemi
    • 4
  1. 1.School of Art Entrepreneurship and TourismArt University of IsfahanIsfahanIran
  2. 2.Department of Environment and planning, (Centre for Environmental (CESAM) and Marine Studies)Aveiro UniversityAveiroPortugal
  3. 3.Department of Economic, Management and Industrial Engineering, (Research unit Governance, Competitiveness and Public Policy (GOVCOPP))Aveiro UniversityAveiroPortugal
  4. 4.Geological Heritage DepartmentGeological Survey of IranTehranIran

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