Advertisement

Geoheritage

, Volume 5, Issue 2, pp 107–122 | Cite as

The Devonian Brachiopod Collections of Portugal—a Palaeontological Heritage

  • Mena Schemm-Gregory
  • Maria Helena Henriques
Original Article

Abstract

The Geological Museum in Lisbon and the Science Museum in Coimbra are the institutions housing the oldest invertebrate palaeontological collections of Portugal. The Devonian brachiopod collections comprise three major units and include specimens from Portugal, other European countries as well as material from the USA collected around 100 to 150 years ago. Recently, these collections have been cataloged and revised taxonomically and are now more easily accessible for scientific research. These collections are compared here in terms of numbers of specimens, genera, and type species. The origin and history of each collection within each institution is shortly described and their importance for geosciences is discussed, with particular reference to their significance for Devonian brachiopod biostratigraphy and palaeobiogeography. Their value as a palaeontological heritage for Portugal is explained and possible ways to present these collections to the public and to the scientific community in general are introduced.

Keywords

Brachiopoda Museum collections Stratigraphy Palaeobiogeography Devonian Portugal 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors thank Miguel M. Ramalho and Rita Silva (all LNEG, Lisbon) and Pedro Casaleiro (Science Museum, Coimbra) for giving access to the brachiopod collections under their care. José Piçarra (LNEG, Beja) is acknowledged for discussion about the Palaeozoic Geology and stratigraphy of Portugal and Ursula Müller-Krantz (Bonn, Germany) for providing historical information about the history of the “Dr. F. Krantz, Rheinisches Mineralien-Kontor” and its relationship to the University of Coimbra and the Portuguese Geological Commission. The manuscript profited greatly by the critical suggestions and comments of two anonymous reviewers. This study is financed by the Portuguese Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia (FCT) grant SFRH/BPD/71647/2010 “Devonian Brachiopods from Portugal: The importance of classical collections for modern paleontology”. This is a contribution to the IGCP Project 596 “Climate Change and biodiversity Patterns in the Mid-Paleozoic”.

References

  1. Barrande J (1848) Über die Brachiopoden der silurischen Schichten von Boehmen. Naturwis Abh 2(2):153–256Google Scholar
  2. Barrande J (1879) Système Silurien du Centre de la Bohême. Classe de Mollusques: ordre des Brachiopodes. Ière Partie. Rech Paléont 5:1–226, Published by the authorGoogle Scholar
  3. Brandão JM (2010) Colecções e museus de Geologia: Missão e gestão. In: Brandão JM, Callapez PM, Mateus O, Castro P (eds) Peças de Adolphe d’Archiac no núcleo inicial de colecções estrangeiras da Comissão Geológica de Portugal. Museu Mineralógico e Geológico da Universidade de Coimbra (MMGUC), Centro de Estudos de História e Filosofia da Ciência (CEHFCI), Coimbra, Portugal, pp 139–145Google Scholar
  4. Brandão JM, Almeida JP (2002) Colecções estrangeiras do Museu do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro. Publ Mus Inst Geol Min. Policopiado, LisboaGoogle Scholar
  5. Brandão JM, Almeida JP (2003) Colecções paleontológicas estrangeiras do MIGM. Ciências da Terra (UNL), special issue 5:I16-I19Google Scholar
  6. Brilha J, Andrade C, Azerêdo A, Barriga FJAS, Cachão M, Couto H, Cunha PP, Crispim JA, Dantas P, Duarte LV, Freitas MC, Granja MH, Henriques MH, Henriques P, Lopes L, Madeira J, Matos JMX, Noronha F, Pais J, Piçarra J, Ramalho MM, Relvas JMRS, Ribeiro A, Santos A, Santos V, Terrinha P (2005) Definition of the Portuguese frameworks with international relevance as an input for the European geological heritage characterisation. Episodes 28(3):177–186Google Scholar
  7. Carneiro A (2008) Nery Delgado (1835–1908), Geólogo do Reino. In: Ramalho MM (Coord.) Nery Delgado (1835–1908), Geólogo do Reino, Lisboa. Museu Geológico/Centro de História e Filosofia da Ciência e da Tecnologia da FCTUNL, 2008, pp 8–27Google Scholar
  8. Clarkson ENK (1998) Invertebrate Palaeontology and Evolution, 4th edn. Blackwell Science, OxfordGoogle Scholar
  9. Delgado N (1892) Fauna Silúrica de Portugal. Descrição de uma nova forma de Trilobite, Lichas (Uralichas) Riberoi. Coms Trab Geol Port/Typographia da Academia Real das Sciencias 4:1–31Google Scholar
  10. Delgado N (1908) Sistema silúrico de Portugal. Mem Com Ser Geol Port, LisbonGoogle Scholar
  11. Gourvennec R, Plusqeullec Y, Pereira Z, Piçarra MJ, Le Menn J, Oliveira T, Romão JC, Robardet M (2008) A reassessment of the Lochkovian (Lower Devonian) benthic faunas and palynomorphs from the Dornes region (southern Central Iberian Zone, Portugal). Com Geol 95:5–25Google Scholar
  12. Harper DAT, Alvarez F, Boucot AJ, Williams A, Wright T, Schemm-Gregory M (2010) Tropidoleptida (Brachiopoda): devonian hopeful monsters or misplaced orphans. Spec Pap Palaeont 84:119–136Google Scholar
  13. Henriques MH, Pena dos Reis R, Brilha J, Mota TS (2011) Geoconservation as an emerging geoscience. Geoheritage 3(2):117–128CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. ICC (2012) International Chronostratigraphic Chart. http://www.stratigraphy.org/ics%20chart/ChronostratChart2012.pdf. Accessed 26 November 2012
  15. Kollmann HA (1996) Der Fossilienhändler—Partner oder Feind? Abt Geol Paläont Landesmus Johanneum 54:137–145Google Scholar
  16. Krantz (2012) Krantz, Ältestes geologisches Warenhaus weltweit. http://www.krantz-online.de/en/home.html. Accessed 20 November 2012
  17. Leitão V (2004) Assentar a primeira pedra: As primeiras Comissões Geológicas portuguesas (1848–1868). Dissertation, University of LisbonGoogle Scholar
  18. Marcou J (1866) Orbituary—death of M. Louis Saemann, Memb. Instit., etc. Geol Mag 3(28):480CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. MC (2012) Museu da Ciência, Universidade de Coimbra. http://www.museudaciencia.org/. Accessed 20 November 2012
  20. Mc Keever P, Zouros N (2005) Geoparks: celebrating Earth Heritage, sustaining local communities. Episodes 28(4):274–278Google Scholar
  21. MG (2012) Museu Geológico, Laboratório Nacional de Geologia e Energia.http://www.lneg.pt/MuseuGeologico/. Accessed 16 November 2012
  22. Paredes R, Cabral F, Marques J, Pinto JS, Macedo R, Callapez PM (2007) A criação de uma base de dados de Mineralogia: aplicação às colecções do Museu Mineralógico e Geológico da Universidade de Coimbra e repercussões no ensino das Ciências da Terra. – XV Semana – VI Congresso Ibérico de Geoquímica, Jul 2007, UTAD, Vila Real, Portugal, pp 576–579Google Scholar
  23. Pena dos Reis RP, Henriques MH (2009) Approaching an integrated qualification and evaluation system for the geological heritage. Geoheritage 1(1):1–10CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Perdigão JC (1967) Descoberta de Mesodevónico em Portugal (Portalegre). Com Serv Geol Port 52:27–46Google Scholar
  25. Perdigão JC (1972/1973) A fauna dos grés e quartzitos silúricos-devónicos de Portalegre e a sua posição estratigráfica. Com Serv Geol Port 56:5–32Google Scholar
  26. Perdigão JC (1973/1974) O Devónico de Portalegre. Com Serv Geol Port 57:203–225Google Scholar
  27. Portugal Ferreira MRV (1990) O Museu de História Natural da Universidade de Coimbra (Secção de Mineralogia e Geologia) desde a Reforma Pombalina (1772) até à República (1910). Mem Not, Publicação do Mus. Lab Mineral Geol Univ Coimbra 110:53–76Google Scholar
  28. Portugal Ferreira MRV (1998) 200 anos de Mineralogia e Arte de Minas: desde a Faculdade de Filosofia (1772) até à Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia (1972). FCTUC, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  29. Pruvost P (1914) Observations sur les Terrains Dévoniens et Carbonifères du Portugal et sur leur faune. Serv Géol Port 10:1–21Google Scholar
  30. Ramalho MM (ed) (2008) Nery Delgado, 1835–1908: Geólogo do Reino. Centro de História e Filosofia da Ciência da FCTUNL, Museu Geológico, LisbonGoogle Scholar
  31. Ribeiro C, Delgado N (1867) Carta Geológica de Portugal (escala 1:500 000). Direcção Geral dos Trabalhos Geodésicos e Topográphicos, LisbonGoogle Scholar
  32. Saemann L (1854) Über die Nautiliden. Palaeontogr 3:121–167Google Scholar
  33. Saemann L (1861) Etude critique sur les Echinodermes fossiles du Coral-rag de Trouville. Bul Soc géol France 2(19):168–184Google Scholar
  34. Saemann L (1862) Catalogue des principaux objets et collections servant à l’enseignement des sciences minéralogique, géologique & paléontologique; supplement. In: Delafosse G (ed) Nouveau cours de minéralogie comprenant la description de toutes les espèces minérales avec leurs applications directes aux arts. Roret, Paris, pp 1–7Google Scholar
  35. Schemm-Gregory M (2011) Lusitanispirifer lusitanensis n. gen. et sp.—a new delthyridoid spirifer and its palaeogeographical implications for the Dornes Syncline (Lower Devonian, Portugal). Boll Soc Paleont Ital 50(2):85–94Google Scholar
  36. Schemm-Gregory M, Henriques MH (2012) A Colecção Krantz de braquiópodes do Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra. In: Henriques MH, Andrade AI, Quinta-Ferreira M, Lopes FC, Barata MT, Pena dos Reis R, Machado A (Coords.) Para Aprender com a Terra. Mem Not Geoc Esp Lus. Coimbra University Press, Chapter 29, pp 231–238Google Scholar
  37. Schemm-Gregory M, Henriques MH (2013a) Os Braquiópodes da Coleção Krantz do Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)/The Brachiopods of the Krantz Collection of the Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal). Coimbra University Press, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  38. Schemm-Gregory M, Henriques MH (2013b) Os Braquiópodes da Coleção Saemann do Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal)/The Brachiopods of the Saemann Collection of the Museu da Ciência da Universidade de Coimbra (Portugal). Coimbra University Press, CoimbraGoogle Scholar
  39. Schlotheim EF von (1813) Beiträge zur Naturgeschichte der Versteinerungen in geognostischer Hinsicht. In: Leonard CC (ed) Taschenbuch für die gesamte Mineralogie (mit Hinsicht auf die neusten Entdeckungen). 7ter Jahrgang 1:3–134Google Scholar
  40. Schlotheim EF von (1820) Die Petrefactenkunde auf ihrem jetzigen Standpunkte durch die Beschreibung seiner Sammlung versteinerter und fossiler Überreste des Thier- und Pflanzenreiches der Vorwelt erläutert. Beckersche Buchhandlung, GothaGoogle Scholar
  41. Schnur J (1851) Die Brachiopoden aus dem Übergangsgebirge der Eifel. Programm der Vereinigten höheren Bürger- und Provinzialgewerbeschule zu Trier für das Schuljahr 1850–1851. F. Linz’sche Buchhandlung, TrierGoogle Scholar
  42. Schnur J (1853) Zusammenstellung und Beschreibung sämtlicher im Übergangsgebirge der Eifel vorkommenden Brachiopoden nebst Abbildungen derselben. Palaeontogr 3:169–254Google Scholar
  43. Selden PA (Ed. 2007) Treatise on Invertebrate Paleontology. Part H. Brachiopoda. 6 (revised). Geol Soc Am, Boulder, Colorado and University of Kansas Press, Lawrence, KansasGoogle Scholar
  44. Steininger J (1853) Geognostische Beschreibung der Eifel. Lintz’sche Buchhandlung, TrierCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. TMRBA (2012a) The mineralogical record bibliographical archive. http://www.minrec.org/labels.asp?page=1&colid=129. Accessed 21 November 2012
  46. TMRBA (2012b) The mineralogical record bibliographical archive. http://www.minrec.org/labels.asp?colid=542. Accessed 10 July 2012
  47. UNESCO (2012) UNESCO, World Heritage List, Upper Middle Rhine Valley. http://whc.unesco.org/en/list/1066. Accessed 22 November 2012

Copyright information

© The European Association for Conservation of the Geological Heritage 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de GeociênciasUniversidade de CoimbraCoimbraPortugal

Personalised recommendations