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Geoheritage

, Volume 2, Issue 3–4, pp 137–154 | Cite as

Geological Heritage as an Integral Part of Natural Heritage Conservation Through Its Sustainable Use in the Idrija Region (Slovenia)

  • Mojca Kavčič
  • Martina Peljhan
Original Article

Abstract

Although Idrija is most famous for its mercury mine, the whole region has a rich natural heritage with many areas of outstanding value. Especially important is its geological heritage, which includes the mercury ore deposit, exposed stratigraphic cross sections, the Wild Lake, the Idrija Fault and the Habečkovo brezno natural shaft. This diversity and sheer geographical scale offers great potential for education and developing geotourism in the region. It is crucial to conserve this natural and cultural heritage, with many previous efforts have been put into such endeavours. The most important is Zgornja Idrijca Landscape Park where some features are additionally protected such as natural monuments and a nature reserve. In general, the conservation of natural and cultural heritage in Idrija municipality is enforced by three decrees, EU directives and national laws and regulations. Because of the importance of the Idrija region, since 2007 a large amount of effort has been put into the establishment of Idrija Geopark. In the past year, as part of the Leader project “Involving geological heritage in rural tourism for the Idrijca River basin (the region of Idrija and Tolmin)”, the first concrete steps towards creating this geopark have been made. This included making an inventory of natural heritage sites, educational activities for children and adults and research theses in cooperation with students. The evaluation of geoheritage has been completed and preliminary themes designed. In this way, the basis of the proposed Idrija Geopark is set out, and guidelines for conservation, education and geotourism in the municipality are determined.

Keywords

Geology Geological heritage Conservation Sustainable development 

Notes

Acknowledgements

This paper is a result of 1-year project co-financed by Leader funds. The authors are grateful to Jože Čar, Uroš Eržen, Bojan Režun, Martina Stupar, José Brilha and two anonymous referees for their constructive comments that have contributed to improve the manuscript.

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Further Reading

  1. Odlok o razglasitvi kulturnih in zgodovinskih spomenikov ter naravnih znamenitosti na območju občine Idrija, Uradni list RS št. 16/86, 17/88, 56/93, 45/97, 131/03, 45/07, 115/07, Občina Idrija, Idrija (Decree on the Proclamation of Cultural and Historical Monuments and Natural Sites in the Area of the Municipality of Idrija. Official Gazette RS no. 16/86, 17/88, 56/93, 45/97, 131/03, 45/07, 115/07, Idrija Municipality, Idrija)Google Scholar
  2. Odlok o razglasitvi krajinskega parka Zgornja Idrijca. Uradni list RS št. 11/96, 37/95, Občina Idrija, Idrija (Decree on announcement of Zgornja Idrijca Landscape park. Official Gazette RS no. 11/93, 37/95, Idrija Municipality, Idrija)Google Scholar
  3. Odlok o zavarovanju dela porečja Govškarce. Uradni list SRS 25/89. Občina Idrija, Idrija (Decree on protection of a part of the Govškarca River basin. Official Gazette RS no. 25/89, Idrija Municipality, Idrija)Google Scholar
  4. Pravilnik o določitvi in varstvu naravnih vrednot. Uradni list RS št. 111/04, 70/06, 58/09, Ministrstvo za okolje in prostor, Ljubljana (Rules on the designation and protection of valuable natural features. Official Gazette RS, no. 111/04, 70/06, 58/09, Ministry of the Environment and Spatial Planning, Ljubljana)Google Scholar
  5. Zakon o ohranjanju narave (ZON). Uradni list RS št. 56/99, 31/00, 119/02, 41/04, Državni zbor Republike Slovenije, Ljubljana (Nature Conservation Act. Official Gazette RS, no. 56/99, 31/00, 119/02, 41/04, National assembly of Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana)Google Scholar
  6. Zakon o ohranjanju narave (ZON-UPB2). Uradni list RS št. 96/04, Državni zbor Republike Slovenije, Ljubljana (Nature Conservation Act (officially consolidated text). Official Gazette RS, no. 96/04, National assembly of Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana)Google Scholar
  7. Zakon o varstvu podzemnih jam. Uradni list RS št. 2/04, Državni zbor Republike Slovenije, Ljubljana (Cave Protection Act. Official Gazette RS no. 2/04, National assembly of Republic of Slovenia, Ljubljana)Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Municipality of IdrijaIdrijaSlovenia
  2. 2.Idrija Mercury Mine Ltd.IdrijaSlovenia

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