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Can Human-Inspired Learning Behaviour Facilitate Human–Robot Interaction?

  • Alessandro CarfìEmail author
  • Jessica Villalobos
  • Enrique Coronado
  • Barbara Bruno
  • Fulvio Mastrogiovanni
Article
  • 15 Downloads

Abstract

The evolution of production systems for smart factories foresees a tight relation between human operators and robots. Specifically, when robot task reconfiguration is needed, the operator must be provided with an easy and intuitive way to do it. A useful tool for robot task reconfiguration is Programming by Demonstration (PbD). PbD allows human operators to teach a robot new tasks by showing it a number of examples. The article presents two studies investigating the role of the robot in PbD. A preliminary study compares standard PbD with human–human teaching and suggests that a collaborative robot should actively participate in the teaching process as human practitioners typically do. The main study uses a wizard of oz approach to determine the effects of having a robot actively participating in the teaching process, specifically by controlling the end-effector. The results suggest that active behaviour inspired by humans can lead to a more intuitive PbD.

Keywords

Programming by demonstration Kinesthetic teaching Human robot interaction Industry 4.0 

Notes

Acknowledgements

The authors would like to thank the teachers and students of the vocational education and training schools “Centro Oratorio Votivo, Casa di Carità, Arti e Mestieri, Ovada” and “Istituto Tecnico Industriale Statale Italo Calvino, Genova” for their contribution to the drafting and execution of the experiments.

Funding

This work has been supported by the European Union Erasmus+ Programme via the Master programme European Master on Advanced Robotics Plus (EMARO+).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Informatics, Bioengineering, Robotics and Systems EngineeringUniversity of GenoaGenoaItaly

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