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Human Understanding of Robot Motion: The Role of Velocity and Orientation

  • Frank Papenmeier
  • Meike Uhrig
  • Alexandra Kirsch
Article

Abstract

A general problem in human–robot interaction is how to test the quality of single robot behavior, in order to develop robust and human-acceptable skills. The most typical approach are user tests with subjective measures (questionnaires). We propose a new experimental paradigm that combines subjective measures with an objective behavioral measure, namely viewing times of images viewed as self-paced slide show. We applied this paradigm to human-aware robot navigation. With three experiments, we studied the influence of two aspects of robot motion: velocity profiles and the robot’s orientation. A decreasing velocity profile influenced the predictability of the observed motion, and robot orientations diverting from the robot’s motion vector caused reduced perceived autonomy ratings. We conclude that the viewing time paradigm is a promising tool for studying human-aware robot behavior and that the design of human-aware robot navigation needs to consider both the velocity and the orientation of robots.

Keywords

Human-aware robot navigation Experimental paradigm Acceptance measures Event cognition 

Notes

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Nature B.V. 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of PsychologyEberhard Karls Universität TübingenTübingenGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Media StudiesEberhard Karls Universität TübingenTübingenGermany
  3. 3.StuttgartGermany

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