International Journal of Social Robotics

, Volume 6, Issue 1, pp 67–83 | Cite as

The Uncanny in the Wild. Analysis of Unscripted Human–Android Interaction in the Field

  • Astrid M. Rosenthal-von der PüttenEmail author
  • Nicole C. Krämer
  • Christian Becker-Asano
  • Kohei Ogawa
  • Shuichi Nishio
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro


Against the background of the uncanny valley hypothesis we investigated how people react towards an android robot in a natural environment dependent on the behavior displayed by the robot (still vs. moving) in a quasi-experimental observational field study. We present data on unscripted interactions between humans and the android robot “Geminoid HI-1” in an Austrian public café and subsequent interviews. Data were analyzed with regard to the participants’ nonverbal behavior (e.g. attention paid to the robot, proximity). We found that participants’ behavior towards the android robot as well as their interview answers were influenced by the behavior the robot displayed. In addition, we found huge inter-individual differences in the participants’ behavior. Implications for the uncanny valley and research on social human–robot interactions are discussed.


Human–robot interaction Field study Observation Multimodal evaluation of human interaction with robots Uncanny valley 



This work was partially supported by a doctoral fellowship of the Studienstiftung des deutschen Volkes (German National Academic Foundation), by Grant-in-Aid for Scientific Research (S), KAKENHI (20220002) and a post-doctoral fellowship of the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS).


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Astrid M. Rosenthal-von der Pütten
    • 1
    Email author
  • Nicole C. Krämer
    • 1
  • Christian Becker-Asano
    • 2
  • Kohei Ogawa
    • 3
    • 4
  • Shuichi Nishio
    • 4
  • Hiroshi Ishiguro
    • 3
    • 4
  1. 1.University of Duisburg EssenDuisburgGermany
  2. 2.Albert-Ludwigs-Universität FreiburgFreiburgGermany
  3. 3.Osaka UniversityOsakaJapan
  4. 4.Advanced Telecommunications Research Institute InternationalKeihanna Science CityJapan

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