Sugar Tech

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Reverse Transcription–Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Assay for the Detection of Sugarcane Streak Mosaic Virus in Sugarcane

  • Xiao-Yan Feng
  • Lin-Bo Shen
  • Wen-Zhi Wang
  • Jun-Gang Wang
  • Zheng-Ying Cao
  • Shu-Zhen Zhang
Research Article


Sugarcane streak mosaic virus (SCSMV, genus Poacevirus) causes sugarcane mosaic disease and leads to considerable economic losses. However, current methods for SCSMV diagnosis are limited. In this study, a novel isothermal assay was established on the basis of reverse transcription–recombinase polymerase amplification (RT-RPA) and evaluated in terms of its ability to detect SCSMV. The established RT-RPA assay with high specificity and reliability was 100-fold more sensitive than the RT-polymerase chain reaction. The evaluation of the temperature limit revealed that the assay had a flexible reaction temperature (26–46 °C), thereby indicating that the reaction mixture can be incubated with simple heating equipment, ambient temperature, or even human body heat. Time limit assessment results revealed that SCSMV can be detected in 5 min at 38 °C and in 20 min at 26 °C, thereby suggesting that the assay was rapid for SCSMV detection. Overall, the RT-RPA assay was specific, sensitive, reliable, and rapid for SCSMV detection, with a flexible and easily reachable reaction temperature. Thus, it can be an ideal method for SCSMV detection in sugarcane.


Recombinase polymerase amplification Sugarcane Sugarcane mosaic disease Sugarcane streak mosaic virus 



Coat protein


Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay




Polymerase chain reaction


Recombinase polymerase amplification


Reverse transcription


Sugarcane streak mosaic virus


Sugarcane mosaic disease


Triticum mosaic virus



This study is supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (31771865) and the Sugar Crop Research System (CARS-170301).

Author’s Contribution

SZ-Z conceived and designed the experiments. XY-F performed the experiments, result analysis, and manuscript drafting. LB-S, WZ-W, JG-W, and ZY-C revised the manuscript. All authors have read and approved the final manuscript.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

Supplementary material

12355_2018_675_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (130 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 130 kb)


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Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research and Promotion 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-Yan Feng
    • 1
  • Lin-Bo Shen
    • 1
  • Wen-Zhi Wang
    • 1
  • Jun-Gang Wang
    • 1
  • Zheng-Ying Cao
    • 1
  • Shu-Zhen Zhang
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Tropical Bioscience and BiotechnologyChinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural SciencesHaikouChina

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