Sugar Tech

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 1–8 | Cite as

Sugarcane Agriculture and Sugar Industry in China

  • Yang-Rui Li
  • Li-Tao Yang
Review Article


China is the world’s third largest sugar producing country after Brazil and India. During milling years 2004/2005 and 2013/2014, the average yearly sugar production in China was 11.64 MT, 49.86 % more that in the previous decade. However, the major increase came from Guangxi province, which produced 7.21 MT sugar per annum in average in recent decade, increased by 104.25 % compared to the production of 3.53 MT sugar per annum in average during 1994/1994 and 2003/2004. Sugarcane contributed more than 90 % of the total sugar production in recent decade. Chinese sugar industry encompasses 270 operating sugar mills, 233 sugarcane, and 37 sugar beet. In the milling year 2007/2008, the total sugar production in China reached 14.83 MT, which was 24.04 % higher than that in previous milling year; and cane sugar production reached 13.67 MT, which occupied 92.18 % of the total. However, the severe low temperature and drought occurred almost every year since 2008, which caused continuous in cane and sugar productivity in the subsequent years. The sugar production began recovering since 2011/2012, and reached 13.32 MT sugar in 2013/2014, still 10.18 % lower than that in 2007/2008. Guangxi is the largest sugarcane and sugar producer in China, 9.41 MT sugar in 2007/2008, and 8.56 MT sugar in 2013/2014. Besides, many products, such as pulp, paper, alcohol, yeast, xylitol, chemicals, cane juice, bio-manure, feed, and electricity are also produced from sugarcane. The sugar industry is also the major contributor to the socio-economic development of the major cane producing areas especially Guangxi, Yunnan and western Guangdong.


Sugarcane Sugar beet Sugar Alcohol Limitation 



The present study was supported by International Scientific Cooperation Program of China (2013DFA31600), Guangxi Special Funds for Bagui Scholars and Distinguished Experts, Guangxi Natural Science Foundation (2012GXNSFDA053011), and Guangxi R&D Program (GKG 1222009-1B, GKH 1347004-2, GKN 14121008-2-1).


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Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic Improvement; Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of Agriculture; Sugarcane Research CenterChinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences-Guangxi Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanningChina
  2. 2.State Key Laboratory of Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-bioresources, Agricultural CollegeGuangxi UniversityNanningChina

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