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Sugar Tech

, Volume 14, Issue 3, pp 255–260 | Cite as

Macronutrients Absorption and Surface Runoff Losses Under Different Fertilizer Treatments in Sugarcane Field

  • Tian-Ming Su
  • Yang-Rui LiEmail author
  • Guang-Po Wei
  • Ze-Pu Jiang
  • Qing Liao
  • Shu-Biao Zhu
Research Article

Abstract

The present experiment was conducted to assess the soil and plant nutrient content and their uptake by sugarcane plants after applying vinasse as liquid fertilizer. The impact of vinasse application on environment and risk assessment of its application has also been studied. Three treatments used in the experiment were CK1 (no fertilizer + 105.0 t/ha water), CK2 (181.7, 450.0 and 1,327.5 kg/ha of N, P2O5 and K2O, respectively + 105.0 t/ha water) and vinasse (75.0 t/ha vinasse + 166.7 kg/ha P2O5 + 30.0 t/ha water). The vinasse treatment decreased N content and increased P and K content in sugarcane plants compared to controls. It also enhanced total P and K content in soil, and decreased the surface runoff losses for N, P and K. In conclusion, the use of vinasse as liquid fertilizer contributed enough P and K for the growth and development of sugarcane crop, improved the soil organic matter content and reduced the N, P and K losses through surface runoff water by enhancing the nutrient retention capacity of the soil.

Keywords

Micronutrients Absorption Runoff losses Vinasse 

Notes

Acknowledgments

The authors are thankful to the staffs in Cane Sugar Industry Administration, Fusui County, Guangxi, China for providing facilities and help in conducting the experiment. This work was funded by National Science & Technology Support Program Project, China (2007BAD30B03), International Scientific Exchange Program projects (2008DFA30600, 2009DFA30820), Guangxi R & D Research Program projects (Gui Ke Chan 1123008-1, Gui Ke Neng 0815011), Guangxi Special Fund for Environmental Protection, China ([2005]81), Youth Project of Science in Guangxi, China (0728028), Project of Guangxi Science Energy Program, China (0815011-6-1-17)–Key Program of Guangxi Agricultural Bureau, China (NK200906), Development Project of GXAAS, China (201004Z) and Fundamental Research Project of GXAAS, China (200934).

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Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Tian-Ming Su
    • 1
  • Yang-Rui Li
    • 2
    • 3
    • 4
    Email author
  • Guang-Po Wei
    • 1
  • Ze-Pu Jiang
    • 1
  • Qing Liao
    • 1
  • Shu-Biao Zhu
    • 1
  1. 1.Agricultural Resources and Environment Research InstituteGuangxi Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanningP.R. China
  2. 2.Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Biotechnology and Genetic Improvement (Guangxi), Ministry of AgricultureNanningP.R. China
  3. 3.Guangxi Key Laboratory of Sugarcane Genetic ImprovementGuangxi Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanningP.R. China
  4. 4.Sugarcane Research Center, Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Sugarcane Research InstituteGuangxi Academy of Agricultural SciencesNanningP.R. China

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