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Sugar Tech

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 166–169 | Cite as

Hemicellulosic Furfural Production from Sugarcane Bagasse Using Different Acids

  • S. K. UppalEmail author
  • Ramandeep Kaur
Research Article

Abstract

Chemical composition of sugarcane bagasse and its production potential of hemicellulosic furfural were studied. For this fine bagasse sample of two varieties was prepared and analyzed for its chemical composition. Then bagasse was treated with variable concentrations (1, 2 and 3 M) of different acids (acetic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid) and autoclaved for 180, 300 and 420 min with solid–liquid ratio of 1:15 at 110°C temperature and 1.05 kg cm−2 steam pressure for furfural production. The reaction of bagasse with 3.0 M nitric acid for 300 min gave the highest yields of furfural (119.94 mg/g). Furfural was extracted and identified on the basis of thin layer chromatography, boiling point, IR and NMR data.

Keywords

Sugarcane bagasse Hemicellulose Furfural Acid hydrolysis 

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Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

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