Sugar Tech

, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 166–169 | Cite as

Hemicellulosic Furfural Production from Sugarcane Bagasse Using Different Acids

  • S. K. UppalEmail author
  • Ramandeep Kaur
Research Article


Chemical composition of sugarcane bagasse and its production potential of hemicellulosic furfural were studied. For this fine bagasse sample of two varieties was prepared and analyzed for its chemical composition. Then bagasse was treated with variable concentrations (1, 2 and 3 M) of different acids (acetic acid, formic acid, phosphoric acid and nitric acid) and autoclaved for 180, 300 and 420 min with solid–liquid ratio of 1:15 at 110°C temperature and 1.05 kg cm−2 steam pressure for furfural production. The reaction of bagasse with 3.0 M nitric acid for 300 min gave the highest yields of furfural (119.94 mg/g). Furfural was extracted and identified on the basis of thin layer chromatography, boiling point, IR and NMR data.


Sugarcane bagasse Hemicellulose Furfural Acid hydrolysis 


  1. Chong, A.R., J.A. Ramirez, G. Garrote, and M. Vazquez. 2004. Hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse using nitric acid: A kinetic assessment. Journal of Food Process Engineering 61: 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Dunlop, A.P. 1948. Furfural formation and behavior. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry 40(2): 204–209.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Fontana, J.D., L.P. Ramos, and F.C. Deschamps. 1995. Pretreated sugarcane bagasse as a model for cattle feeding. Applied Biochemistry and Biotechnology 51–52: 105–116.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Goering, H.K., and P.J. Van Soest. 1970. Forage fibre analysis. Agricultural Handbook No. 379.Google Scholar
  5. Halling, P., and P. Simms-Bore. 2008. Overview of lignocellulosic feedstock conversion into ethanol—Focus on sugarcane bagasse. International Sugar Journal 110(1311): 191–194.Google Scholar
  6. Horwitz, W. 1980. Official methods of analysis, 13th ed. Washington, DC: Association of Official Analytical Chemists.Google Scholar
  7. Kamiyama, Y., and Y. Sakai. 1979. Rate of hydrolysis of xylo-oligosaccharides in dilute sulphuric acid. Carbohydrate Research 73: 151–158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Luo-Caidian, A., L. Brink-David, and W. Blanch-Harvey. 2002. Identification of potential fermentation inhibitors in conversion of hybrid poplar hydrolyzate to ethanol. Biomass Bioenergy 22: 125–138.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Mamman, A.S., J.M. Lee, Y.C. Kim, I.T. Hwang, N.J. Park, Y.K. Hwang, J.S. Chang, and J.S. Hwang. 2008. Furfural: Hemicellulose/xylose derived biochemical. Biofuels, Bioproducts and Biorefining 2(5): 438–454.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Peng, F., J.L. Ren, F. Xu, J. Bian, P. Peng, and R.C. Sun. 2009. Comparative study of hemicelluloses obtained by graded ethanol precipitation from sugarcane bagasse. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. doi:  10.1021/jf900986b.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Rodriguez, C.A., J.A. Ramirez, G. Garrote, and M. Vazquez. 2004. Hydrolysis of sugarcane bagasse using nitric acid. Journal of Food Engineering 61(2): 143–152.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Sharma, D.K. 1989. Two-step process for the selective production of fermentable sugars and ethanol from biomass residues (agricultural wastes). Cellulose Chemistry and Technology 23(1): 45–51.Google Scholar
  13. Singh, A., K. Das, and D.K. Sharma. 1984. Integrated process for production of xylose, furfural and glucose from bagasse by two- step acid hydrolysis. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Product Research and Development 23: 257–262.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Saha, B.C. 2003. Hemicellulose bioconversion. Journal of Industrial Microbiology and Biotechnology 30: 279–291.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Teixeira, L.C., J.C. Linden, and H.A. Schroeder. 1999. Optimizing per acetic acid pretreatment conditions for improved simultaneous saccharification and co-fermentation (SSCF) of sugarcane bagasse to ethanol fuel. Renewable Energy 16: 1070–1073.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Uppal, S.K., R. Gupta, R.S. Dhillon, and S. Bhatia. 2008. Potential of sugarcane bagasse for production of furfural and its derivatives. Sugar Tech 10: 298–301.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Vazquez, M., M. Oliva, S.J. Tellez-Luis, and J.A. Ramirez. 2007. Hydrolysis of sorghum straw using phosphoric acid: Evaluation of furfural production. Bioresource Technology 98: 3053–3060.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Win, D.T. 2005. Furfural—gold from garbage. AU Journal of Technology 8: 185–190.Google Scholar
  19. Yahiro, K., S.R. Shibata, Y. Park, and M. Okabe. 1997. Efficient itaconic acid production from raw corn starch. Journal of Fermentation and Bioengineering 84: 375–377.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Society for Sugar Research & Promotion 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Plant Breeding and GeneticsPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPunjab Agricultural UniversityLudhianaIndia

Personalised recommendations