Functional significance of post-myocardial infarction inflammation evaluated by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose imaging in swine model

  • Xiao-Ying Xi
  • Feifei Zhang
  • Jianfeng Wang
  • Wei Gao
  • Yi Tian
  • Hongyu Xu
  • Min Xu
  • Yuetao WangEmail author
  • Min-Fu YangEmail author
Original Article



The aim of the study was to investigate the relationship between post-myocardial infarction (MI) inflammation and left ventricular (LV) remodeling in a swine model by 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) imaging.


MI was induced in swine by balloon occlusion of the left anterior descending coronary artery. A series of FDG positron emission tomography (PET) images were taken within 2 weeks post-MI, employing a comprehensive strategy to suppress the physiological uptake of cardiomyocytes. Echocardiography was applied to evaluate LV volume, global and regional function. CD68+ macrophage and glucose transporters (GLUT-1, -3 and -4) were investigated by immunostaining.


The physiological uptake of myocardium was adequately suppressed in 92.3% of PET scans verified by visual analysis, which was further confirmed by the minimal expression of myocardial GLUT-4. Higher FDG uptake was observed in the infarct than in the remote area and persisted within the observational period of 2 weeks. The FDG uptake of infarcted myocardium on day 1 post-MI was correlated with LV global remodeling, and the FDG uptake of infarcted myocardium on days 1 and 8 post-MI had a trend of correlating with regional remodeling of the infarct area.


We here report a feasible swine model for investigating post-MI inflammation. FDG signal in the infarct area of swine persisted for a longer duration than has been reported in small animals. FDG activity in the infarct area could predict LV remodeling.


FDG PET Myocardial infarction Inflammation 



Myocardial infarction


Glucose transporter




Left ventricular


Single photon emission computed tomography


Positron emission tomography/computed tomography


Standardized uptake value


End-diastolic volume


End-systolic volume


Ejection fraction


Global longitudinal strain


Infarct area longitudinal strain



We would like to thank Dr Li Li from the Department of Pathology of Fuwai Hospital for help and advice on histological assessment.


Xiao-Ying Xi, Feifei Zhang, Jianfeng Wang, Wei Gao, Yi Tian, Hongyu Xu, Min Xu, Yuetao Wang and Min-Fu Yang have nothing to disclose.

Supplementary material

12350_2019_1952_MOESM1_ESM.pptx (3.4 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPTX 3462 kb)
12350_2019_1952_MOESM2_ESM.wma (2.3 mb)
Supplementary material 2 (WMA 2386 kb)


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Copyright information

© American Society of Nuclear Cardiology 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xiao-Ying Xi
    • 1
  • Feifei Zhang
    • 2
  • Jianfeng Wang
    • 2
  • Wei Gao
    • 3
  • Yi Tian
    • 4
  • Hongyu Xu
    • 5
  • Min Xu
    • 6
  • Yuetao Wang
    • 2
    Email author
  • Min-Fu Yang
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Nuclear MedicineBeijing Chaoyang Hospital, Capital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  2. 2.Department of Nuclear MedicineThe Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow UniversityChangzhouChina
  3. 3.Department of Ultrasound, Beijing Chaoyang HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  4. 4.Department of Nuclear Medicine, Beijing Anzhen HospitalCapital Medical UniversityBeijingChina
  5. 5.Department of Pathology, Fuwai Hospital, The National Center for Cardiovascular DiseasesChinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical CollegeBeijingChina
  6. 6.Department of EchocardiogramThe Third Affiliated Hospital of Soochow UniversityChangzhouChina

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