Examining the sensitivity of 18F-NaF PET for the imaging of cardiac amyloidosis
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Conventional nuclear imaging with bone-seeking radiopharmaceuticals has been shown to be a sensitive test for the detection of transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR); however, to date, few data exist on the utility of 18F-sodium fluoride (NaF) positron emission tomography (PET) in subjects with cardiac amyloidosis (CA).
Myocardial perfusion imaging and cardiac 18F-NaF PET/CT of 7 subjects with ATTR, four with light-chain CA (AL), and four controls were retrospectively reviewed. Qualitative interpretation and quantitative analyses with average left ventricular standardized uptake values (SUVmean) and target-to-background ratios (TBRmean) were performed.
Average TBRmean was significantly increased in subjects with ATTR (0.98 ± 0.09) compared to AL (0.85 ± 0.08, P = .026) and CTL (0.82 ± 0.07, P = .020), while SUVmean was not (P = .14). Receiver-operator characteristic (ROC) analysis yielded an area under the curve (AUC) of 0.91, with a sensitivity/specificity of 75%/100% for TBRmean using a cutoff value of 0.89 for the diagnosis of ATTR. Qualitative interpretation resulted in a sensitivity/specificity of 57%/100% for ATTR.
While 18F-NaF PET/CT demonstrates good diagnostic accuracy for ATTR, particularly when using quantitative analysis, the low TBRmean values observed in ATTR indicate poor myocardial signal. 18F-NaF PET/CT is not yet ready for clinical use in CA until further comparison studies are performed with 99mTc-DPD/PYP.
KeywordsCardiac amyloidosis transthyretin ATTR bone scintigraphy sodium fluoride positron emission tomography
Transthyretin cardiac amyloidosis
Contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging
Left ventricular hypertrophy
Standard uptake value
Patrick Martineau, Vincent Finnerty, Geneviève Giraldeau, Sébastien Authier, Francois Harel, and Matthieu Pelletier-Galarneau have nothing to disclose.
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