Advances in Therapy

, Volume 27, Issue 3, pp 168–180

PF-03475952: a potent and neutralizing fully human anti-CD44 antibody for therapeutic applications in inflammatory diseases

  • Herbert A. Runnels
  • Gregory L. Weber
  • Jing Min
  • Elizabeth M. Kudlacz
  • James F. Zobel
  • Carol B. Donovan
  • Mark A. Thiede
  • Jun Zhang
  • Robbin B. Alpert
  • Michelle A. Salafia
  • Anthony J. Milici
  • Douglas Burdette
  • Rosonald R. Bell
  • Jean S. Beebe
  • Xu Xu
Original Research

DOI: 10.1007/s12325-010-0010-0

Cite this article as:
Runnels, H.A., Weber, G.L., Min, J. et al. Adv Therapy (2010) 27: 168. doi:10.1007/s12325-010-0010-0

Abstract

Introduction

CD44 is a cell adhesion molecule believed to play a critical role in T cell and monocyte infiltration in the inflammatory process. The reduction of CD44 expression or its ability to properly interact with its key ligand, hyaluronic acid (HA), inhibits migration and subsequent activation of cells within sites of inflammation. CD44-deficient mice exhibit decreased disease in a mouse arthritis model.

Methods

Accordingly, we developed PF-03475952, a fully human IgG2 anti-CD44 monoclonal antibody (mAb).

Results

Binding of PF-03475952 to CD44 inhibits binding of HA and induces loss of CD44 from the cell surface. PF-03475952 also passed a series of safety pharmacology assays designed to assess the risk of the mAb to bind Fc gamma receptors, stimulate cytokine release from human whole blood, and stimulate cytokine release from peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) using plate-bound antibodies. The latter assay was designed specifically to evaluate the risk of cytokine storm that had been observed with TGN1412 (immunostimulatory CD28 superagonist mAb). PF-003475952 exhibits high-affinity binding to both human and cynomolgus monkey CD44, but does not cross-react with rodent CD44. Thus, a rat anti-mouse CD44 mAb was used to demonstrate a dose-dependent decrease of disease in mouse collagen-induced arthritis. Importantly, efficacy was correlated with >50% loss of cell surface CD44 on circulating cells. Loss of CD44 expression on CD3{su+} lymphocytes was monitored following a single dose of PF-03475952 in cynomolgus monkeys as a pharmacodynamic marker. The recovery of CD44 expression was found to be dose-dependent. PF-03475952 doses of 1, 10, and 100 mg/kg reduced CD44 expression below 50% for 218, 373, and >504 hours, respectively.

Conclusion

Targeting of CD44 is a unique mechanism of action in the treatment of inflammatory diseases and is expected to reduce joint damage induced by inflammatory mediators, resulting in disease modification in inflammatory diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis.

Keywords

CD44 cytokine storm inflammatory disease PF-03475952 rheumatoid arthritis TGN1412 

Copyright information

© Springer Healthcare 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Herbert A. Runnels
    • 3
  • Gregory L. Weber
    • 1
  • Jing Min
    • 3
  • Elizabeth M. Kudlacz
    • 2
  • James F. Zobel
    • 3
  • Carol B. Donovan
    • 2
  • Mark A. Thiede
    • 3
  • Jun Zhang
    • 3
  • Robbin B. Alpert
    • 2
  • Michelle A. Salafia
    • 2
  • Anthony J. Milici
    • 2
  • Douglas Burdette
    • 1
  • Rosonald R. Bell
    • 1
  • Jean S. Beebe
    • 2
  • Xu Xu
    • 2
  1. 1.Pfizer Global Research and Development, Ann Arbor LaboratoriesAnn ArborUSA
  2. 2.Groton/New London Laboratories, Pfizer Global Research and DevelopmentGrotonUSA
  3. 3.Pfizer Global Research and Development, St. Louis LaboratoriesChesterfieldUSA

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