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Advances in Therapy

, 26:826 | Cite as

Advances in the treatment of gastrointestinal stromal tumor

  • David D’Adamo
Review

Abstract

GIST (gastrointestinal stromal tumor) is a rare soft tissue malignancy arising in the gut. It has become well known recently because of the effectiveness of anti-KIT tyrosine kinase inhibitors. From a disease that 10 years ago was only treatable with surgery, now multiple phase 2 and phase 3 trials have identified active first-line systemic therapy, appropriate dosing, an active second-line agent, and established the role of adjuvant therapy after surgery for patients with intermediate- and high-risk tumors. These are accomplishments that took decades to achieve for other more common diseases such as breast cancer or lung cancer. GIST has been the ideal disease system for studying targeted therapy in solid tumors. The progress in treating GIST has come directly from the advances that have been made in the laboratory, understanding the basic biology of tyrosine kinases, the oncogenic activity of c-KIT, and how that enzymatic activity can be inhibited. By studying model diseases such as GIST, we should be able to develop paradigms to treat more common cancers as well.

Keywords

GIST imatinib sarcoma sunitinib targeted therapy tyrosine kinase inhibitor 

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Copyright information

© Springer Healthcare Communications 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer CenterNew YorkUSA

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