Effective and safe reduction of blood pressure with the combination of amlodipine 5 mg and valsartan 160 mg in hypertensive patients not controlled by calcium channel blocker monotherapy
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The addition of an angiotensin II receptor blocker to calcium channel blocker-based antihypertensive therapy may be associated with enhanced efficacy and reduced risk of adverse events.
This 8-week, open-label, single-arm trial evaluated the efficacy and tolerability of the combination of amlodipine and valsartan in patients not responding adequately to treatment with amlodipine or felodipine alone. Patients aged ≥18 years with moderate essential hypertension (defined as mean sitting systolic blood pressure [MSSBP] ≥160 and <180 mmHg) were treated for 4 weeks with once-daily amlodipine 5 mg or felodipine 5 mg. At week 4, patients not adequately responding were treated for an additional 4 weeks with once-daily amlodipine 5 mg plus valsartan 160 mg. Of 214 patients treated for 4 weeks with amlodipine 5 mg or felodipine 5 mg, 181 failed to achieve MSSBP <140 mmHg. These non-responders were treated for an additional 4 weeks with amlodipine 5 mg and valsartan 160 mg.
A clinically and statistically significant additional reduction in MSSBP of 13.1 mmHg (95% confidence interval [CI]: 11.4, 14.7; P<0.0001) and a mean sitting diastolic blood pressure of 5.3 mmHg (95% CI: 4.3, 6.3; P<0.0001) were observed. Of patients treated with amlodipine 5 mg and valsartan 160 mg, 51.1% achieved target blood pressure levels (<140/90 mmHg) after 4 weeks. Adverse event rates were low in both treatment phases, and most were mild or moderate in severity.
The combination of amlodipine/valsartan was effective and well tolerated.
Keywordsamlodipine angiotensin II receptor blockers calcium channel blockers combination therapy felodipine hypertension valsartan
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