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The Cerebellum

, Volume 17, Issue 6, pp 747–755 | Cite as

Depressed by Learning—Heterogeneity of the Plasticity Rules at Parallel Fiber Synapses onto Purkinje Cells

  • Aparna Suvrathan
  • Jennifer L. RaymondEmail author
Review

Abstract

Climbing fiber-driven long-term depression (LTD) of parallel fiber synapses onto cerebellar Purkinje cells has long been investigated as a putative mechanism of motor learning. We recently discovered that the rules governing the induction of LTD at these synapses vary across different regions of the cerebellum. Here, we discuss the design of LTD induction protocols in light of this heterogeneity in plasticity rules. The analytical advantages of the cerebellum provide an opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of how the specific plasticity rules at synapses support the implementation of learning.

Keywords

Long-term depression Synaptic plasticity Learning Purkinje cell Heterogeneity Oculomotor Associative plasticity Short-term depression 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are grateful for Jaydev Bhateja for his comments and suggestions.

Funding

AS was supported by the Research Institute of the McGill University Health Centre and McGill University as well as by funding from the Canada First Research Excellence Fund, awarded to McGill University for the Healthy Brains for Healthy Lives initiative. JR was supported by NIH R01NS072406, R01DC004154 and the Simons Foundation Collaboration on the Global Brain no. 54031.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of Interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centre for Research in Neuroscience, Department of Neurology and Neurosurgery, Department of Pediatrics, Brain Repair and Integrative Neuroscience Program, the Research Institute of the McGill University Health CentreMcGill University, Montréal General HospitalQuebecCanada
  2. 2.Department of NeurobiologyStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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