The Cerebellum

, Volume 11, Issue 4, pp 925–930 | Cite as

Volumetric Analysis of Cerebellum in Short-Track Speed Skating Players

  • In Sung Park
  • Nam Joon Lee
  • Tae-Young Kim
  • Jin-Hoon Park
  • Yu-Mi Won
  • Yong-Ju Jung
  • Jin-Hwan Yoon
  • Im Joo RhyuEmail author
Original Paper


The cerebellum is associated with balance control and coordination, which might be important for gliding on smooth ice at high speeds. A number of case studies have shown that cerebellar damage induces impaired balance and coordination. As a positive model, therefore, we investigated whether plastic changes in the volumes of cerebellar subregions occur in short-track speed skating players who must have extraordinary abilities of balance and coordination, using three-dimensional magnetic resonance imaging volumetry. The manual tracing was performed and the volumes of cerebellar hemisphere and vermian lobules were compared between short-track speed skating players (n = 16) and matched healthy controls (n = 18). We found larger right cerebellar hemisphere volume and vermian lobules VI–VII (declive, folium, and tuber) in short-track speed skating players in comparison with the matched controls. The finding suggests that the specialized abilities of balance and coordination are associated with structural plasticity of the right hemisphere of cerebellum and vermian VI–VII and these regions play an essential role in balance and coordination.


Balance Coordination Magnetic resonance imaging Sports 



This work was supported in part by the Korea Research Foundation Grant funded by the Korean Government (MOEHRD, Basic Research Promotion Fund) (KRF-2008-314-1-G00018), National Research Foundation, grant funded by the Korean Government (NRF-2009-351-G00124), and Brain Korea 21 Project for Biomedical Science. We thank the magnetic resonance imaging team of Korea University Medical Center for their technical support of MRI acquisition.

Conflict of interest

Potential conflicts do not exist.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • In Sung Park
    • 1
    • 2
    • 4
  • Nam Joon Lee
    • 3
  • Tae-Young Kim
    • 4
  • Jin-Hoon Park
    • 5
  • Yu-Mi Won
    • 4
  • Yong-Ju Jung
    • 5
  • Jin-Hwan Yoon
    • 2
  • Im Joo Rhyu
    • 1
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of AnatomyKorea University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  2. 2.Department of Sports ScienceHan Nam UniversityDaejeonSouth Korea
  3. 3.Department of Diagnostic RadiologyKorea University College of MedicineSeoulSouth Korea
  4. 4.College of EducationHankuk University of Foreign StudiesSeoulSouth Korea
  5. 5.Department of Physical EducationKorea UniversitySeoulSouth Korea

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