The Cerebellum

, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 373–392 | Cite as

Cell Death as a Regulator of Cerebellar Histogenesis and Compartmentation

  • Jakob Jankowski
  • Andreas Miething
  • Karl Schilling
  • John Oberdick
  • Stephan Baader
Article

Abstract

Programmed cell death is essential for the homeostasis of tissues and organs. During the development of the central nervous system, programmed cell death is highly regulated and restricted to distinct developmental time points of histogenesis. In this review, we will summarize recent data on the temporal and spatial distribution of programmed Purkinje cell death within the cerebellar cortex. We point out that programmed cell death within distinct regions of the developing cerebellar cortex differs by type and its cellular consequences. We submit the concept that local Purkinje cell death is important for late compartmentation of the cerebellar cortex and its wiring. To support this hypothesis, we provide new data obtained from a cerebellar mutant with prolonged expression of Engrailed-2 specifically in cerebellar Purkinje cells which shows increased local physiological cell death and concomitant changes in the pattern of afferent innervation.

Keywords

Apoptosis Engrailed-2 Midline Patterning Axon guidance Autism 

Notes

Acknowledgements

We are very grateful to the excellent technical help of S. Ramrath and A. Ihmer, and to our animal care takers D. Hupfer and F. Neuhalfen. The L7En-2 mice were originally produced with support from NIH grant RO1-NS33114 to JO. This work was supported by BONFOR O-167.0010.

Conflicts of Interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest. Figure 5e–g have been reproduced with permission from John Wiley and Sons (license no. 2482920729945, Aug 06, 2010) and Elsevier (license no. 2482451437575, Aug 05, 2010).

Supplementary material

12311_2010_222_Fig6_ESM.gif (163 kb)
Fig. 1

a, b Cerebellar precursor cells were labeled with BrdU between E11 and E13. BrdU-positive nuclei were counted within a 100–150 μm wide band located just beneath the EGL (as shown in a; half of a frontal section of the cerebellum of a newborn mouse, boxes indicate regions analyzed; the line marks the midline; bar = 250 μm). b Higher magnification depicting BrdU-labeled cells which were counted (arrowheads, bar is 20 μm). c Microphotograph of apoptotic PCs characterized by Calb1-immunoreactive pyknotic figures (arrowheads) within a frontal paraffin-embedded cerebellar section of a 7-day-old mouse (bar is 50 μm). (GIF 163 kb)

12311_2010_222_MOESM1_ESM.tif (3.3 mb)
High-resolution image (TIFF 3378 kb)

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jakob Jankowski
    • 1
  • Andreas Miething
    • 2
  • Karl Schilling
    • 1
  • John Oberdick
    • 3
  • Stephan Baader
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Anatomy, Anatomy and Cell BiologyUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  2. 2.Institute of Anatomy, NeuroanatomyUniversity of BonnBonnGermany
  3. 3.Department of Neuroscience and Center for Molecular NeurobiologyThe Ohio State UniversityColumbusUSA

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