School Mental Health

, Volume 11, Issue 2, pp 345–356 | Cite as

Exploring Youth Mental Health First Aider Training Outcomes by Workforce Affiliation: A Survey of Project AWARE Participants

  • Danielle HaggertyEmail author
  • John S. Carlson
  • Miles McNall
  • KyungSook Lee
  • Sarah Williams
Original Paper


Youth Mental Health First Aid (YMHFA) is a public education program designed to improve youth mental health outcomes by training adults to notice mental health problems and help youth in seeking treatment. This study used a pre–post 3-month follow-up design to explore whether mental health literacy (MHL), perceived mental health stigma (MHS), and confidence in helping behavior differed across time between Youth Mental Health First Aiders (i.e., involved in Project Advancing Wellness and Resilience in Education) who are and are not members of the mental health workforce. As expected at pretest, mental health workforce first aiders scored significantly higher than non-mental health workforce first aiders for MHL and confidence in helping behavior (p < .001), but no differences were found for MHS. Non-mental health workforce aiders scored significantly better from pretest to posttest for MHL and confidence in helping behavior (p < .001), to levels consistent with participants from the mental health workforce, who did not show improvements at posttest over relatively high pretest levels. With no additional training, non-mental health workforce participants were able to maintain the positive gains at the 3-month follow-up. Results suggest that YMHFA training is effective in increasing non-mental health workforce professionals’ MHL and confidence to a level similar to that of their mental health workforce colleagues. Study findings suggest that YMHFA training may be too basic for mental health workforce professionals, and alternative trainings should be provided for them.


Youth Mental Health First Aid Mental health Prevention Treatment Services 



This manuscript was supported by the Project AWARE grant.

Compliance with Ethical Standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare no conflict of interest.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Danielle Haggerty
    • 1
    Email author
  • John S. Carlson
    • 1
  • Miles McNall
    • 1
  • KyungSook Lee
    • 1
  • Sarah Williams
    • 2
  1. 1.Michigan State UniversityEast LansingUSA
  2. 2.Michigan Department of EducationLansingUSA

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