Geosciences Journal

, Volume 19, Issue 4, pp 631–639 | Cite as

New fossil remains of family Cervidae from the Dhok Pathan Formation (Middle Siwaliks) of Pakistan

  • Abdul Ghaffar
  • Muhammad Akhtar
  • Muhammad Akbar Khan
  • Muhammad Khaled Siddiq


Five mandibular fragments from the Early Pliocene of Dhok Pathan and Hasnot (Middle Siwaliks) are described and discussed. Detailed comparison of the studied material with already known and described species of family Cervidae from the Siwaliks allow us to refer this material to genus Rucervus and species Rucervus cf. simplicidens. The material described here also extends the stratigraphic range of this genus from Upper Siwaliks to Middle Siwaliks. The fossil material described from the Early Pliocene, is thus important to indicate the older stratigraphic range as described earlier from the Siwalik continental deposits.

Key words

mandibular fragments Rucervus cf. simplicidens Early Pliocene stratigraphic range and Siwaliks 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Abdul Ghaffar
    • 1
  • Muhammad Akhtar
    • 2
  • Muhammad Akbar Khan
    • 2
  • Muhammad Khaled Siddiq
    • 2
  1. 1.Meteorology DepartmentCOMSATS Institute of Information Technology (CIIT)IslamabadPakistan
  2. 2.Department of Zoology, Quaid-i-Azam CampusUniversity of the PunjabLahorePakistan

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