Geosciences Journal

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 495–501 | Cite as

Late quaternary climate changes around the elephant islands, Antarctic Peninsula

  • Young-Suk Bak
  • Kyu-Cheul Yoo
  • Ho Il Yoon


Sixty-seven species of diatoms of 28 genera were identified in Core GC03-C2 acquired from the north slope of Elephant Island, Antarctic Peninsula. The number of diatom valves per gram of dry sediment ranged from 0.2∼17.3×107g−1, and these were dominated by Fragilariopsis kerguelensis (65.8%). Diatom assemblage analysis reconstructed the Quaternary paleoclimatic change the Elephant Islands. Four diatom assemblage zones were identified according to the frequency of critical taxa as follows: zone I, from 830 to 710 cm (Antarctic Cold Reversal); zone II, from 700 to 550 cm (Deglaciation zone); zone III, from 540 to 260 cm (warm period; Holocene); and zone IV, from 250 to 0 cm (cool period; Holocene). The high abundance of reworked species includes Actinocyclus ingens, Denticulopsis hustedtii, D. praedimorpha, and D. dimorpha appeared in Zone I by turbidity currents and ice rafting in the area during the glaciations-deglaciation event.

Key words

Antarctic Peninsula Elephant Island Quaternary diatom assemblage reworked species 


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Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Earth and Environmental System Research CenterChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Korea Polar Research InstituteIncheonRepublic of Korea

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