Advertisement

Geosciences Journal

, Volume 18, Issue 4, pp 495–501 | Cite as

Late quaternary climate changes around the elephant islands, Antarctic Peninsula

  • Young-Suk Bak
  • Kyu-Cheul Yoo
  • Ho Il Yoon
Article
  • 123 Downloads

Abstract

Sixty-seven species of diatoms of 28 genera were identified in Core GC03-C2 acquired from the north slope of Elephant Island, Antarctic Peninsula. The number of diatom valves per gram of dry sediment ranged from 0.2∼17.3×107g−1, and these were dominated by Fragilariopsis kerguelensis (65.8%). Diatom assemblage analysis reconstructed the Quaternary paleoclimatic change the Elephant Islands. Four diatom assemblage zones were identified according to the frequency of critical taxa as follows: zone I, from 830 to 710 cm (Antarctic Cold Reversal); zone II, from 700 to 550 cm (Deglaciation zone); zone III, from 540 to 260 cm (warm period; Holocene); and zone IV, from 250 to 0 cm (cool period; Holocene). The high abundance of reworked species includes Actinocyclus ingens, Denticulopsis hustedtii, D. praedimorpha, and D. dimorpha appeared in Zone I by turbidity currents and ice rafting in the area during the glaciations-deglaciation event.

Key words

Antarctic Peninsula Elephant Island Quaternary diatom assemblage reworked species 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Allen, C.S., Pike, J., and Pudsey, C.J., 2011, Last glacial-interglacial sea-ice cover in the SW Atlantic and its potential role in global deglaciation. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30, 2446–2458.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Amos, A.F., 2001, A decade of oceanographic variability in summertime near Elephant Island, Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, 22401–22423.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Armand, L., Crosta, X., Romero, O., and Pichon, J.J., 2005, The biogeography of major diatom taxa in Southern Ocean sediments. 1. Sea ice related species. Paleogeography Paleoclimatology Paleoecology, 223, 93–126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bak, Y.S., Lee, J.D., Yoon, H.I., Yoo, K.C., and Lee, S.J., 2010, Holocene paleoclimate change in the area around Elephant Island, Antarctica: evidence from the diatom record. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 46, 111–117. (In Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  5. Bak, Y.S., Yoo, K.C., Lee, J.D., Yoon, H.I., Lee, J.I., Kim, H.J., and Lee, S.J., 2011, Deglacial environments in the northeastern of South Shetland Islands, Antarctica: evidence from the high resolution diatom record. Journal of the Geological Society of Korea, 47, 363–369. (In Korean with English abstract)Google Scholar
  6. Baldauf, J.G. and Barron, J.A., 1991, Diatom biostratigraphy: Kerguelen Plateau and Prydz Bay regions of the Southern Ocean. In: Barron, J., Larsen, B. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program Scientific Results, 119, Ocean Drilling Program, College Station, TX, 547–598.Google Scholar
  7. Bathmann, U.V., Scharek, R., Klaas, C., Dubischar, C.D., and Smetacek, V., 1997, Spring development of phytoplankton biomass and composition in major water masses of the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Original Research Article Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 44, 51–67.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Bjorck, S., Hjort, C., Ingolfsson, O., and Skog, G., 1991, Radiocarbon dates from the Antarctic peninsula region — problems and potential. In: Lowe, J.J. (ed.), Radiocarbon Dating: Recent Applications and Future Potential. Quaternary Research Association, Cambridge, Quaternary Proceedings 1, p. 55–65.Google Scholar
  9. Burckle, L.H. and Cirilli, J., 1987, Origin of diatom ooze belt in the Southern Ocean; implications for late Quaternary paleoceanography. Micropaleontology, 33, 82–86.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Burckle, L.H., Jacobs, S.S., and McLaughlin, R., 1987, Late spring diatom distribution between New Zealand and the Ross Sea: correlation with hydrography and bottom sediments. Micropaleontology, 33, 74–81.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Capella, J.E., Ross, R.M., Quetin, L.B., and Hofmann, E.E., 1992, A note of the thermal structure of the upper ocean in the Bransfield Strait-South Shetland Islands region. Deep-Sea Research, 39, 1221–1229.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Carmack, E.C. and Foster, T.D., 1975, On the flow of water out of the Weddell Sea. Deep-Sea Research I, 22, 711–724.Google Scholar
  13. Ciesielski, P.F., 1983, The Neogene and Quaternary diatom biostratigraphy of subantarctic sediments, Deep Sea Drilling Project Leg 71. In: Ludwig, W.J. and Krasheninnikov, V.A. (eds.), Initial Reports of the Deep Sea Drilling Project. 71, p. 635–666. Washington: U.S. Government Printing Office.Google Scholar
  14. Crosta, X., Sturm, A., Armand, L., and Pichon, J.J., 2004, Late quaternary sea ice history in the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean as recorded by diatom assemblages. Marine Micropaleontology, 50, 209–223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Crosta, X., Romero, A., Armand, L., and Pichon, J.J., 2005, The biogeography of major diatom taxa in Southern Ocean sediments. 2. Open Ocean related species. Paleogeography Paleoclimatology Paleoecology, 223, 66–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Cunningham, W.L. and Leventer, A., 1998, Diatom assemblages in surface sediments of the Ross Sea; Relationship to present oceanographic conditions. Antarctic Science, 10, 134–146.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Deacon, G.E.R. and Foster, T.D., 1977, The boundary region between the Weddell Sea and Drake Passage currents. Deep-Sea Research 24, 505–510.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Defelice, D.R. and Wise, S.W., 1981, Surface lithofacies, biofacies and diatom diversity patterns as models for delineation of climatic change in the south east Atlantic Ocean. Marine micropaleontology, 6, 29–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Dunbar, R.B., Anderson, J.B., Domack, E.W., and Jacobs, S.S., 1985, Oceanographic influences on sedimentation along the Antarctic continental shelf. Antarctic Research Series, 43, 291–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Fryxell, G.A., 1991, Comparison of winter and summer growth stages of the diatom Eucampia antarctica from the Kerguelen Convergence Zone. In: Barron, J.A. and Larsen, B. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results 119. College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 675–685.Google Scholar
  21. Fryxell, G.A. and Kendrick, G.A., 1988, Austral spring microalgae across the Weddell Sea ice edge; spatial relationships found along a northward transect during AMERIEZ 83. Deep-Sea Research Part A 8212. Oceanographic Research Papers, 35, 1–20.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Fryxell, G.A. and Prasad, A.K.S.K., 1990, Eucampia antarctica var. recta (Mangin) stat. nov. (Biddulphiaceae, Bacillariophyceae): life stages at the Weddell Sea ice edge. Phycologia 29, 27–38.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Garcia, M.A., Lopez, O., Sospedra, J., Espino, M., Garcia, V., Morrison, G., Rojas, P., Figa, J., Puigdefabregas, J., and Arcilla, A.S., 1994, Mesoscale variability in the Bransfield Strait region (Antarctica) during austral summer. Annales Geophysicase, 12, 856–867.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Gersonde, R. and Burckle, L.H., 1990, Neogene diatom biostratigraphy of ODP Leg 113, Weddell Sea (Antarctic Ocean). In: Barker, P.F., Kennett, J.P. et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 113, 761–790.Google Scholar
  25. Gersonde, R. Crosta, X. Abelmann, A., and Armand, L., 2005, Sea surface temperature and sea ice distribution at the EPILOG last glacial maximum — a circum-Antarctic view based on siliceous microfossil records. Quaternary Science Reviews, 24, 869–896.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Gordon, A.L., and Nowlin, Jr. W.D., 1978, The basin waters of the Bransfield Strait. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 8, 258–264.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Hall, B.L., 2009, Holocene glacial history of Antarctica and the sub-Antarctic islands. Quaternary Science Review, 28, 2213–2230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Hofmann, E.E., Klinck, J.M., Lascara, C.M., and Smith, D.A., 1996, Water mass distribution and circulation west of the Antarctic Peninsula and including Bransfield Strait. In: Ross, R., Hofmann, E., and Quetin, L. (eds.), Antarctic Research Series, 70, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D.C, p. 61–80.Google Scholar
  29. Kang, S.H. and Fryxell, G.A., 1992, Fragilariopsis cylindrus (Grunow) Krieger: the most abundant diatom in water column assemblages of Antarctic marginal ice edge zones. Polar Biology, 12, 609–627.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kang, S.H. and Fryxell, G.A., 1993, Phytoplankton in the Weddell Sea, Antarctica — composition, abundance and distribution in watercolumn assemblages of the marginal ice-edge zone during austral autumn. Marine Biology, 116, 335–348.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kellogg, D.E. and Kellogg, T.B., 1986, Diatom biostratigraphy of sediment cores from beneath the Ross Ice Shelf. Micropaleontology, 32, 74–94.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kim, Y., Jin, Y.K., and Nam, S.H., 1997, Crustal structure of the Shackleton Fracture Zone in the southern Drake Passage, Antarctica. In: Ricci, C.A. (ed.), The Antarctic Region: Geological Evolution and Processes. Tipologia Senense, Siena, Italy, 661–667.Google Scholar
  33. Klepeis, K.A. and Lawver, L.A., 1996, Tectonics of the Antarctic- Scotia plate boundary near Elephant and Clarence Islands, West Antarctica. Journal of Geophysical Research 101,B9, 20211–20231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Krebs, C.J., Gilbert, B.S., Boutin, S., and Boonstra, R., 1987, Estimation of snowshoe hare population density from turd transects. Canadian Journal of Zoology, 65, 565–567.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Leventer, A., 1992, Modern distribution of diatoms in sediments from the George V Coast, Antarctica. Marine Micropaleontology, 19, 315–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Leventer, A. and Dunbar, R., 1987, Diatom flux in Mcmurdo Sound, Antarctica. Marine Micropaleontology, 12, 49–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. Leventer, A. and Dunbar, R.B., 1988, Recent diatom record of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica: implications for history of sea ice extent. Paleoceanography, 3, 259–274.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Leventer, A. and Dunbar, R., 1996, Factors influencing the distribution of diatoms and other algae in the Ross Sea. Journal of Geophysical Research, 101, 18,489–18,500.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Leventer, A., Dunbar, R., and DeMaster, D.J., 1993, Diatom evidence for Late Holocene climatic events in Granite Harbor, Antarctica. Paleoceanography, 8930, 373–386.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Matano, R.P., Gordon, A.L., Muench, R.D., and Palma, E.D., 2002, A numerical study of the circulation in the northwestern Weddell Sea. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 4827–4841.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Medlin, L. and Priddle, J., 1990, Polar Marine Diatoms. British Antarctic Survey, Cambridge, 214 p.Google Scholar
  42. Niiler, P.P., Amos, A., and Hu, J.-H., 1991, Water masses and 200 m relative geostrophic circulation in the western Bransfield Strait region. Deep-Sea Research, 38, 943–960.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Nowlin, W.D. and Klinck, J.M., 1986, The physics of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Reviews of Geophysics, 24, 469–491.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Orsi, A.H., Nowlin Jr., W.D., and Whitworth III, T., 1993, On the circulation and stratification of the Weddell Gyre. Deep-Sea Research I, 40, 169–203.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Orsi, A.H., Whitworth III, T., and Nowlin Jr., W.D., 1995, On the meridional extent and fronts of the Antarctic Circumpolar Current. Deep Sea Research, 42, 641–673.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Patterson, S.L. and Sievers, H.A., 1980, The Weddell-Scotia Confluence. Journal of Physical Oceanography 10, 1584–1610.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Priddle, J., Brandini, F., Lipski, M., and Thorley, M.R., 1994, Pattern and variability of phytoplankton biomass in the Antarctic Peninsula region: an assessment of the BIOMASS druises. In: El-Sayed, S.Z. (ed.), Southern Ocean Ecology: The BIOMASS Perspective. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, p. 49–61.Google Scholar
  48. Pudsey, C.J., 2000, Sedimentation on the continental rise west of the Antarctic Peninsula over the last three glacial cycles. Marine Geology, 167, 313–338.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Rebesco, M., Larter, R.D., Barker, P.F., Camerlenghi, A., and Vanneste, L.E., 1997, The history of sedimentation on the continental rise west of the Antarctic Peninsula. In: Barker, P. F. and Cooper, A.K. (eds.), Geology and Seismic Stratigraphy of the Antarctic Margin II. AGU Antarctic Research Series, 29–50.Google Scholar
  50. Romero, O., Boeckel, B., Donner, B., Lavik, G., Fischer, G., and Wefer, G., 2002, Seasonal productivity dynamics in the pelagic central Benguela System inferred from the flux of carbonate and silicate organisms. Journal of Marine Systems, 37, 259–278.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Scherer, R.P., 1994, A new method for determination of absolute abundance of diatoms and other siltsized sedimentary particles. Journal of Paleolimnology, 12, 171–179.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Schodlok, M.P., Hellmer, H.H., and Beckmann, A., 2002, On the transport, variability and origin of dense water masses crossing the South Scotia Ridge. Deep Sea Research II, 49, 4807–4825.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Sprintall, J., 2003, Seasonal to interannual upper-ocean variability in the Drake Passage. Journal of Marine Research 61, 27–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Stein, M., 1986, Variability of water masses and currents off the Antarctic Penninsula during SIBEX. Arch Fischerewiss, 37, 25–50.Google Scholar
  55. Stein, M., 1988, Variation of geostrophic circulation off the Antarctic Peninsula and in the south west Scotia Sea, 1975–1985. In: Sahrhage, D. (ed.), Antarctic Ocean and Resources Variability. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, p. 81–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Stenni, B., Buiron, D., Frezzotti, M., Albani, S., Barbante, C., Bard, E., Barnola, J.M., Baroni, M., Baumgartner, M., Bonazza, M., Capron, E., Castellano, E., Chappellaz, J., Delmonte, B., Falourd, S., Genoni, L., Iacumin, P., Jouzel, J., Kipfstuhl, S., Landais, A., Lemieux-Dudon, B., Maggi, V., Masson-Delmotte, V., Mazzola, C., Minster, B., Montagnat, M., Mulvaney, R., Narcisi, B., Oerter, H., Parrenin, F., Petit, J.R., Ritz, C., Scarchilli, C., Schilt, A., Schüpbach, S., Schwander, J., Selmo, E., Severi, M., Stocker, T.F., and Udisti, R., 2010, Expression of the bipolar see-saw in Antarctic climate records during the last deglaciation. Nature geosciences, 4, 46–49.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  57. Stickley, C.E., Pike, J., Leventer, A. Dunbar, R., Domack, E.W., Brachfeld, S. Manley, P., and McClennen, C., 2005, Deglacial ocean and climate seasonality in laminated diatom sediments, Mac.Robertson Shelf, Antarctica. Palaeogeography Palaeoclima tology Palaeoecology, 227, 290–310.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Stoermer, E.F. and Smol, J.P., 1999, The Diatoms: Applications for the Environmental and Earth Sciences. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 469 p.Google Scholar
  59. Taylor, F., McMinn, A., and Franklin, D., 1997, Distribution of diatoms in surface sediments of Prydz Bay, Antarctica. Marine Micropaleontology, 32, 209–230.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Trouw, R.A.J., Passchier, C.W., Valeriano, C.M., Simoes, L.S., Paciullo, F.V.P., and Ribeiro, A., 2000, Deformational evolution of a Cretaceous subduction complex: Elephant Island, South Shetland Islands, Antarctica. Tectonophysics, 319, 93–110.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Vanderaveroet, P., Averbuch, O., Deconinck, J.-F., and Chamley, H., 1999, A record of glacialrinterglacial alternations in Pleistocene sediments off New Jersey expressed by clay mineral, grain-size and magnetic susceptibility data. Marine Geology, 159, 79–92.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  62. Whitworth III, T., Nowlin Jr, W.D., Orsi, A.H., Locarnini, R.A., and Smith, S.G., 1994, Weddell Sea Shelf Water in the Bransfield Strait and Weddell-Scotia Confluence. Deep-Sea Research I, 41, 629–641.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yoon, H.I., Yoo, K.-C., Bak, Y.-S., Lee, Y.I., and Lee, J.I., 2009, Corebased reconstruction of paleoenvironmental conditions in the southern Drake Passage (West Antarctica) over the last 150 ka. Geo-Marine Letters, 29, 309–320CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zielinski, U. and Gersonde, R., 1997, Diatom distribution in Southern Ocean surface sediments (Atlantic sector): implications for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Palaeogeography Palaeoclimatology Palaeoecology, 129, 213–250.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zhou, M., Zhu, Y., Dorland, R.D., and Measures, C.I., 2010, Dynamics of the current system in the southern Drake Passage. Deep-Sea Research I, 57, 1039–1048.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© The Association of Korean Geoscience Societies and Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.The Earth and Environmental System Research CenterChonbuk National UniversityJeonjuRepublic of Korea
  2. 2.Korea Polar Research InstituteIncheonRepublic of Korea

Personalised recommendations