Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 25, Issue 6, pp 1335–1347 | Cite as

Morphological, physiological and biochemical aspects of salt tolerance of halophyte Petrosimonia triandra grown in natural habitat

  • Dorina Podar
  • Kunigunda Macalik
  • Kinga-Olga Réti
  • Ildikó Martonos
  • Edina Török
  • Rahela Carpa
  • David C. Weindorf
  • Jolán Csiszár
  • Gyöngyi SzékelyEmail author
Research Article


Salt tolerance mechanisms of halophyte Petrosimonia triandra, growing in its natural habitat in Cluj County, Romania, were investigated via biomass, growth parameters, water status, ion content, photosynthetic and antioxidative system efficiency, proline accumulation and lipid degradation. Two sampling sites with different soil electrical conductivities were selected: site 1: 3.14 dS m−1 and site 2: 4.45 dS m−1. Higher salinity proved to have a positive effect on growth. The relative water content did not decline severely, Na+ and K+ content of the roots, stem and leaves was more, and the functions of the photosynthetic apparatus and photosynthetic pigment contents were not altered. The efficiency of the antioxidative defence system was found to be assured by coordination of several reactive oxygen species scavengers. The presence of higher salinity led to accumulation of the osmolyte proline, while degradation of membrane lipids was reduced. As a whole, P. triandra evolved different adaptational strategies to counteract soil salinity, including morphological and physiological adaptations, preservation of photosynthetic activity, development of an efficient antioxidative system and accumulation of the osmotic compound, proline.


Petrosimonia triandra Salinity Biomass Photosynthetic pigments Antioxidant Proline 



This work was supported by a grant of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research and Innovation, CNCS—UEFISCDI, project number PN-II-RU-TE-2014-4-0831. We thank Dr. Cosmin Sicora for providing the FluorPen FP100 fluorimeter. The authors gratefully acknowledge the BL Allen Endowment in Pedology at Texas Tech University in performing soil analysis.

Supplementary material

12298_2019_697_MOESM1_ESM.pdf (45 kb)
Supplementary material 1 (PDF 45 kb)


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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dorina Podar
    • 1
    • 3
  • Kunigunda Macalik
    • 2
  • Kinga-Olga Réti
    • 4
  • Ildikó Martonos
    • 4
  • Edina Török
    • 5
  • Rahela Carpa
    • 1
  • David C. Weindorf
    • 6
  • Jolán Csiszár
    • 7
  • Gyöngyi Székely
    • 2
    • 3
    • 8
    Email author
  1. 1.Department of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology and GeologyBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  2. 2.Hungarian Department of Biology and Ecology, Faculty of Biology and GeologyBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  3. 3.Centre of Systemic Biology, Biodiversity and BioresourcesBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  4. 4.Faculty of Environmental Science and EngineeringBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania
  5. 5.MTA ÖK Lendület Landscape and Conservation Ecology Research GroupMTA Centre for Ecological ResearchVácrátótHungary
  6. 6.Department of Plant and Soil ScienceTexas Tech UniversityLubbockUSA
  7. 7.Department of Plant Biology, Faculty of Science and InformaticsUniversity of SzegedSzegedHungary
  8. 8.Institute for Research-Development-Innovation in Applied Natural SciencesBabeş-Bolyai UniversityCluj-NapocaRomania

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