Advertisement

Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 25, Issue 3, pp 741–752 | Cite as

Photosynthetic and growth responses of green and purple basil plants under different spectral compositions

  • Ameneh Hosseini
  • Mahboobeh Zare Mehrjerdi
  • Sasan AliniaeifardEmail author
  • Mehdi Seif
Research Article
  • 85 Downloads

Abstract

Light spectrum of growing environment is a determinant factor for plant growth and photosynthesis. Plants under different light spectra exhibit different growth and photosynthetic behaviors. To unravel the effects of light spectra on plant growth, photosynthetic pigments and electron transport chain reactions, purple and green basil varieties were grown under five different light spectra including white (W: 400–730 nm), blue (B: 400–500 nm), red (R: 600–700 nm) and two combinations of R and B lights (R50B50 and R70B30), with same PPFD (photosynthetic photon flux density). Almost all values for shoot and root growth traits were higher in purple variety and were improved by combinational R and B lights (especially under R70B30), while they were negatively influenced by B monochromatic light when compared to growth traits of W-grown plants. Highest concentration of photosynthetic pigments was detected in R70B30. Biophysical properties of photosynthetic electron transport chain showed higher florescence intensity at all steps of OJIP kinetics in plants grown under R light in both varieties. Oxygen evolving complex activity (Fv/Fo) and PSII maximum quantum efficiency (Fv/Fm) in R-grown plants were lower than plants grown under other light spectra. Values for parameters related to specific energy fluxes per reaction center (ABS/RC, TRo/RC, ETo/RC and DIo/RC) were increased under R light (especially for purple variety). Performance index was significantly decreased under R light in both varieties. In conclusion, light spectra other than RB combination, induced various limitations on pigmentations, efficiency of electron transport and growth of basil plants and the responses were cultivar specific.

Keywords

Basil Photosynthesis OJIP Growth traits Light spectra 

Notes

Refrences

  1. Aliniaeifard S, van Meeteren U (2014) Natural variation in stomatal response to closing stimuli among Arabidopsis thaliana accessions after exposure to low VPD as a tool to recognize the mechanism of disturbed stomatal functioning. J Exp Bot 65:6529–6542CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Aliniaeifard S, Malcolm Matamoros P, van Meeteren U (2014) Stomatal malfunctioning under low VPD conditions: induced by alterations in stomatal morphology and leaf anatomy or in the ABA signaling. Physiol Plant 152:688–699CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Aliniaeifard S, Hajilou J, Tabatabaei SJ (2016) Photosynthetic and growth responses of olive to proline and salicylic acid under salinity condition. Not Bot Horti Agrobot Cluj Napoca 44:579–585CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Aliniaeifard S, Seif M, Arab M, Zare Mehrjerdi M, Li T, Lastochkina O (2018) Growth and photosynthetic performance of Calendula officinalis under monochromatic red light. Int J Hortic Sci Technol 5:123–132Google Scholar
  5. Banerjee R, Batschauer A (2005) Plant blue-light receptors. Planta 220:498–502CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Bukhov N, Drozdova I, Bondar V, Mokronosov A (1992) Blue, red and blue plus red light control of chlorophyll content and CO2 gas exchange in barley leaves: quantitative description of the effects of light quality and fluence rate. Physiol Plant 85:632–638CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Burger J, Edwards GE (1996) Photosynthetic efficiency, and photodamage by UV and visible radiation, in red versus green leaf coleus varieties. Plant Cell Physiol 37:395–399CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Carvalho SD, Schwieterman ML, Abrahan CE, Colquhoun TA, Folta KM (2016) Light quality dependent changes in morphology, antioxidant capacity, and volatile production in sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum). Front Plant Sci 7:1328Google Scholar
  9. Chang X, Alderson PG, Wright CJ (2009) Enhanced UV-B radiation alters basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) growth and stimulates the synthesis of volatile oils. J Hortic For 1:27–31Google Scholar
  10. Chen M, Chory J, Fankhauser C (2004) Light signal transduction in higher plants. Annu Rev Genet 38:87–117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. Colquhoun TA, Schwieterman ML, Gilbert JL, Jaworski EA, Langer KM, Jones CR, Rushing GV, Hunter TM, Olmstead J, Clark DG (2013) Light modulation of volatile organic compounds from petunia flowers and select fruits. Postharvest Biol Technol 86:37–44CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Cosgrove DJ (1981) Rapid suppression of growth by blue light occurrence, time course, and general characteristics. Plant Physiol 67:584–590CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Crawford NM (1995) Nitrate: nutrient and signal for plant growth. Plant Cell 7:859CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Falqueto AR, da Silva Júnior RA, Gomes MTG, Martins JPR, Silva DM, Partelli FL (2017) Effects of drought stress on chlorophyll a fluorescence in two rubber tree clones. Sci Hortic 224:238–243CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Folta KM, Carvalho SD (2015) Photoreceptors and control of horticultural plant traits. HortSci 50:1274–1280CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Genty B, Briantais JM, Baker NR (1989) The relationship between the quantum yield of photosynthetic electron transport and quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence. Biochim Biophys Acta General Subj 990:87–92CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Giliberto L, Perrotta G, Pallara P, Weller JL, Fraser PD, Bramley PM, Fiore A, Tavazza M, Giuliano G (2005) Manipulation of the blue light photoreceptor cryptochrome 2 in tomato affects vegetative development, flowering time, and fruit antioxidant content. Plant Physiol 137:199–208CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. He J, Qin L, Chong EL, Choong T-W, Lee SK (2017) Plant growth and photosynthetic characteristics of Mesembryanthemum crystallinum grown aeroponically under different blue-and red-LEDs. Front Plant Sci 8:361Google Scholar
  19. Heo J, Lee C, Chakrabarty D, Paek K (2002) Growth responses of marigold and salvia bedding plants as affected by monochromic or mixture radiation provided by a light-emitting diode (LED). Plant Growth Regul 38:225–230CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Heo JW, Kang DH, Bang HS, Hong SG, Chun CH, Kang KK (2012) Early growth, pigmentation, protein content, and phenylalanine ammonia-lyase activity of red curled lettuces grown under different lighting conditions. Korean J HorticSci Technol 30:6–12CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Hogewoning SW, Trouwborst G, Maljaars H, Poorter H, van Ieperen W, Harbinson J (2010) Blue light dose-responses of leaf photosynthesis, morphology, and chemical composition of Cucumis sativus grown under different combinations of red and blue light. J Exp Bot 61:3107–3117CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Holm Y, Hiltunen R (1999) Basil: the genus Ocimum. Harwood Academic, AmsterdamGoogle Scholar
  23. Hopkins WG (1999) Introduction to plant physiology. Wiley, HobokenGoogle Scholar
  24. Hussain AI, Anwar F, Sherazi STH, Przybylski R (2008) Chemical composition, antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of basil (Ocimum basilicum) essential oils depends on seasonal variations. Food Chem 108:986–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Johkan M, Shoji K, Goto F, Sn Hashida, Yoshihara T (2010) Blue light-emitting diode light irradiation of seedlings improves seedling quality and growth after transplanting in red leaf lettuce. HortSci 45:1809–1814CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Jordan P, Fromme P, WittH T, Klukas O, Saenger W, Krauß N (2001) Three-dimensional structure of cyanobacterial photosystem I at 2.5 Å resolution. Nature 411:909–917CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  27. Kalaji HM, Jajoo A, Oukarroum A, Brestic M, Zivcak M, Samborska IA, Cetner MD, Łukasik I, Goltsev V, Ladle RJ (2016) Chlorophyll a fluorescence as a tool to monitor physiological status of plants under abiotic stress conditions. Acta Physiol Plant 38:102CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. Kalaji MH, Goltsev VN, Zivcak M, Brestic M (2017) Chlorophyll fluorescence: understanding crop performance—basics and applications. CRC Press, Boca RatonCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Kalaji HM, Oukarroum A, Alexandrov V, Kouzmanova M, Brestic M, Zivcak M, Samborska IA, Cetner MD, Allakhverdiev SI, Goltsev V (2014) Identification of nutrient deficiency in maize and tomato plants by in vivo chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements. Plant Physiol Biochem 81:16–25CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. Kalhor M, Aliniaeifard S, Seif M, Asayesh E, Bernard F, Hassani B, Li T (2018) Enhanced salt tolerance and photosynthetic performance: implication of γ-amino butyric acid application in salt-exposed lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) plants. Plant Physiol Biochem 130:157–172CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Kasajima S, Inoue N, Mahmud R, Kato M (2008) Developmental responses of wheat cv. Norin 61 to fluence rate of green light. Plant Product Sci 11:76–81CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. Kim SJ, Hahn EJ, Heo JW, Paek KY (2004) Effects of LEDs on net photosynthetic rate, growth and leaf stomata of chrysanthemum plantlets in vitro. Sci Hortic 101:143–151CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. Kinoshita T, Doi M, Suetsugu N, Kagawa T, Wada M, Shimazaki KI (2001) Phot1 and phot2 mediate blue light regulation of stomatal opening. Nature 414:656–660CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  34. Kozai T (2016) LED lighting for urban agriculture. In: Kozai T (ed) LED lighting for urban agriculture. Springer, SingaporeCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. Li Q, Kubota C (2009) Effects of supplemental light quality on growth and phytochemicals of baby leaf lettuce. Environ Exp Bot 67:59–64CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. Lichtenthaler HK, Wellburn AR (1983) Determinations of total carotenoids and chlorophylls a and b of leaf extracts in different solvents. Portland Press Limited, LondonGoogle Scholar
  37. Lin KH, Huang MY, Huang WD, Hsu MH, Yang ZW, Yang CM (2013) The effects of red, blue, and white light-emitting diodes on the growth, development, and edible quality of hydroponically grown lettuce (Lactuca sativa L. var. capitata). Sci Hortic 150:86–91CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  38. Lu C, Vonshak A (1999) Photoinhibition in outdoor Spirulina platensis cultures assessed by polyphasic chlorophyll fluorescence transients. J Appl Phycol 11:355CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. Martinazzo EG, Ramm A, Bacarin MA (2012) The chlorophyll a fluorescence as an indicator of the temperature stress in the leaves of Prunus persica. Braz J Plant Physiol 24:237–246CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  40. Mathur S, Mehta P, Jajoo A (2013) Effects of dual stress (high salt and high temperature) on the photochemical efficiency of wheat leaves (Triticum aestivum). Physiol Mol Biol Plants 19: 179–188CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  41. Miao Y, Wang X, Gao L, Chen Q-y QuM (2016) Blue light is more essential than red light for maintaining the activities of photosystem II and I and photosynthetic electron transport capacity in cucumber leaves. J Integr Agric 15:87–100CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  42. Mita S, Murano N, Akaike M, Nakamura K (1997) Mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana with pleiotropic effects on the expression of the gene for β-amylase and on the accumulation of anthocyanin that are inducible by sugars. Plant J 11:841–851CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  43. Neff MM, Chory J (1998) Genetic interactions between phytochrome A, phytochrome B, and cryptochrome 1 during Arabidopsis development. Plant Physiol 118:27–35CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  44. Ouzounis T, Fretté X, Rosenqvist E, Ottosen C-O (2014) Spectral effects of supplementary lighting on the secondary metabolites in roses, chrysanthemums, and campanulas. J Plant Physiol 171:1491–1499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  45. Parvanova D, Popova A, Zaharieva I, Lambrev P, Konstantinova T, Taneva S, Atanassov A, Goltsev V, Djilianov D (2004) Low temperature tolerance of tobacco plants transformed to accumulate proline, fructans, or glycine betaine. Variable chlorophyll fluorescence evidence. Photosynthetica 42:179–185CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  46. Ramalho J, Marques N, Semedo J, Matos M, Quartin V (2002) Photosynthetic performance and pigment composition of leaves from two tropical species is determined by light quality. Plant Biol 4:112–120CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  47. Rapacz M, Sasal M, Kalaji HM, Kościelniak J (2015) Is the OJIP test a reliable indicator of winter hardiness and freezing tolerance of common wheat and triticale under variable winter environments. PLoS ONE 10:0134820CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  48. Sabzalian MR, Heydarizadeh P, Zahedi M, Boroomand A, Agharokh M, Sahba MR, Schoefs B (2014) High performance of vegetables, flowers, and medicinal plants in a red-blue LED incubator for indoor plant production. Agron Sustain Dev 34:879–886CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  49. Samuolienė G, Sirtautas R, Brazaitytė A, Duchovskis P (2012) LED lighting and seasonality effects antioxidant properties of baby leaf lettuce. Food Chem 134:1494–1499CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  50. Sarkar R, Ray A (2016) Submergence-tolerant rice withstands complete submergence even in saline water: probing through chlorophyll a fluorescence induction OJIP transients. Photosynthetica 54:275–287CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  51. Savvides A, Fanourakis D, van Ieperen W (2011) Co-ordination of hydraulic and stomatal conductances across light qualities in cucumber leaves. J Exp Bot 63:1135–1143CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  52. Shimazaki K, Doi M, Assmann SM, Kinoshita T (2007) Light regulation of stomatal movement. Annu Rev Plant Biol 58:219–247CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  53. Son KH, Oh MM (2013) Leaf shape, growth, and antioxidant phenolic compounds of two lettuce cultivars grown under various combinations of blue and red light-emitting diodes. HortSci 48:988–995CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  54. Strasser RJ, Srivastava A, Tsimilli-Michael M (2000) The fluorescence transient as a tool to characterize and screen photosynthetic samples. Probing photosynthesis: mechanisms, regulation and adaptation, Martinus Nijhoff Publisher, Dordrecht, Netherlands, pp 445–483Google Scholar
  55. Stutte GW (2009) Light-emitting diodes for manipulating the phytochrome apparatus. HortSci 44:231–234CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  56. Taiz L, Zeiger E (2002) Plant physiology. Sinauer Associates, SunderlandGoogle Scholar
  57. Van Heerden P, Swanepoel J, Krüger G (2007) Modulation of photosynthesis by drought in two desert scrub species exhibiting C 3-mode CO 2 assimilation. Environ Exp Bot 61:124–136CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  58. Wang Y, Folta KM (2013) Contributions of green light to plant growth and development. Am J Bot 100:70–78CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  59. Wang H, Gu M, Cui J, Shi K, Zhou Y, Yu J (2009) Effects of light quality on CO 2 assimilation, chlorophyll-fluorescence quenching, expression of Calvin cycle genes and carbohydrate accumulation in Cucumis sativus. J Photochem Photobiol B Biol 96:30–37CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  60. Wang X, Xu X, Cui J (2015) The importance of blue light for leaf area expansion, development of photosynthetic apparatus, and chloroplast ultrastructure of Cucumis sativus grown under weak light. Photosynthetica 53:213–222CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  61. Wu H (2016) Effect of different light qualities on growth, pigment content, chlorophyll fluorescence, and antioxidant enzyme activity in the red alga Pyropia haitanensis (Bangiales, Rhodophyta). BioMed Res Int 2016:Article ID 7383918.  https://doi.org/10.1155/2016/7383918
  62. Wu MC, Hou CY, Jiang CM, Wang YT, Wang CY, Chen HH, Chang HM (2007) A novel approach of LED light radiation improves the antioxidant activity of pea seedlings. Food Chem 101:1753–1758CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  63. Yang X, Xu H, Shao L, Li T, Wang Y, Wang R (2018) Response of photosynthetic capacity of tomato leaves to different LED light wavelength. Environ Exp Bot 150:161–171CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  64. Zivcak M, Kalaji HM, Shao H-B, Olsovska K, Brestic M (2014) Photosynthetic proton and electron transport in wheat leaves under prolonged moderate drought stress. J Photochem Photobiol B 137:107–115CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  65. Zlatev ZS, Yordanov IT (2004) Effects of soil drought on photosynthesis and chlorophyll fluorescence in bean plants. Bulg J Plant Physiol 30:3–18Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2019

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ameneh Hosseini
    • 1
  • Mahboobeh Zare Mehrjerdi
    • 1
  • Sasan Aliniaeifard
    • 1
    Email author
  • Mehdi Seif
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Horticulture, College of AburaihanUniversity of TehranPakdashtIran

Personalised recommendations