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Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 303–312 | Cite as

Green manuring effects on crop morpho-physiological characters, rice yield and soil properties

  • Md. Moshiul IslamEmail author
  • Tahmina Akter Urmi
  • Md. Sohel Rana
  • Mohammad Saiful Alam
  • M. Moynul Haque
Short Communication
  • 36 Downloads

Abstract

A field experiment was carried out to evaluate the effect of green manure and nitrogen fertilizer on morpho-physiological traits, yield and post-harvest nutrient status of the soil during kharif season of 2017. The experiment was laid out with a randomized complete block design with twelve treatments, and was replicated thrice. The treatments were T1 [Control (no green manure + no fertilizer)], T2 (Sesbania aculeata + N0), T3 (Sesbania aculeata + N15), T4 (Sesbania aculeata + N30), T5 (Sesbania aculeata + N45), T6 (Sesbania aculeata + N60), T7 (Crotalaria juncea + N0), T8 (Crotalaria juncea + N15), T9 (Crotalaria juncea + N30), T10 (Crotalaria juncea + N45), T11 (Crotalaria juncea + N60), and T12 (N60). Incorporation of green manure with nitrogen fertilizer generated consistently positive responses in important morpho-physiological traits such as chlorophyll content (SPAD value), leaf area index (LAI), light interception percent (%LI), and net assimilation rate (NAR), which may result in higher grain yield compared to control, and N60 due to greater contribution of yield determining traits. Treatment comprising green manure with N60 produced significantly the higher grain yield even over the N60. The results of this research indicated that balanced nutrients supply increased leaf chlorophyll content, LAI, %LI, NAR, and finally led to higher dry matter production and yield of rice. Incorporation of green manure also had significantly increased the macro- and micronutrient content of post-harvest soil. These results suggest that continuous use of fertilizer might lead to a yield loses of rice, and that situation could be escaped by a combined application of green manure and judicial nitrogen fertilizer management.

Keywords

Green manure SPAD Leaf area index Light interception Growth Rice yield 

Notes

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2018

Authors and Affiliations

  • Md. Moshiul Islam
    • 1
    Email author
  • Tahmina Akter Urmi
    • 2
  • Md. Sohel Rana
    • 1
  • Mohammad Saiful Alam
    • 2
  • M. Moynul Haque
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Agronomy, Faculty of AgricultureBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural UniversityGazipurBangladesh
  2. 2.Department of Soil Science, Faculty of AgricultureBangabandhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman Agricultural UniversityGazipurBangladesh

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