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Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants

, Volume 24, Issue 1, pp 167–174 | Cite as

Aeroponics for adventitious rhizogenesis in evergreen haloxeric tree Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst.: influence of exogenous auxins and cutting type

  • Udit Sharma
  • Vinod Kataria
  • N. S. Shekhawat
Research Article
  • 184 Downloads

Abstract

Tamarix aphylla (L.) Karst., a drought resistant halophyte tree, is an agroforestry species which can be used for reclamation of waterlogged saline and marginal lands. Due to very low seed viability and unsuitable conditions for seed germination, the tree is becoming rare in Indian Thar desert. Present study concerns the evaluation of aeroponics technique for vegetative propagation of T. aphylla. Effect of various exogenous auxins (indole-3-acetic acid, indole-3-butyric acid, naphthalene acetic acid) at different concentrations (0.0, 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 5.0, 10.0 mg l−1) was examined for induction of adventitious rooting and other morphological features. Among all three auxins tested individually, maximum rooting response (79%) was observed with IBA 2.0 mg l−1. However, stem cuttings treated with a combination of auxins (2.0 mg l−1 IBA and 1.0 mg l−1 IAA) for 15 min resulted in 87% of rooting response. Among three types of stem cuttings (apical shoot, newly sprouted cuttings, mature stem cuttings), maximum rooting (~ 90%) was observed on mature stem cuttings. Number of roots and root length were significantly higher in aeroponically rooted stem cuttings as compared to stem cuttings rooted in soil conditions. Successfully rooted and sprouted plants were transferred to polybags with 95% survival rate. This is the first report on aeroponic culture of Tamarix aphylla which can be utilized in agroforestry practices, marginal land reclamation and physiological studies.

Keywords

Adventitious rooting Aeroponics Farash Haloxeric tree Stem cuttings Tamarix aphylla 

Abbreviations

IAA

Indole-3-acetic acid

IBA

Indole-3-butyric acid

NAA

Naphthalene acetic acid

AR

Adventitious root

Notes

Acknowledgements

Udit Sharma thankfully acknowledges to University Grants Commission (UGC), New Delhi for the financial assistance in the form of Junior and Senior Research Fellowship (JRF-SRF).

Compliance with ethical standards

Conflict of interest

Authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.

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Copyright information

© Prof. H.S. Srivastava Foundation for Science and Society 2017

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Biotechnology Unit, Department of Botany (UGC-Centre of Advanced Study)Jai Narain Vyas UniversityJodhpurIndia

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